Europe anaerobic digestion market is projected to record a substantial growth rate over the coming years owing to supportive government policies and growing demand from the industrial, commercial, and residential sectors. Anaerobic digestion is the process where organic matter like animal or food waste is broken down to generate biofertilizer and biogas. This process usually happens in the absence of oxygen in a sealed, oxygen free tank namely an anaerobic digester.
Naturally existing micro-organisms digest the biomass, releasing a methane-rich gas, that is biogas, that could be used to generate renewable power and heat. This helps curb the use of fossil fuel and reduce GHG emissions. The left-over material is rich in nutrients, so it could be used as a fertilizer.
Many forms of feedstock are appropriate for anaerobic digestion, which includes slurry, manure, food waste, crops, and crops residues.
Biogas being a renewable energy source is used in a variety of ways. Businesses and communities use biogas to run alternative-fuel vehicles, to fuel furnaces and boilers, heating digesters, and other spaces. It is also used to power engines, produce heat or/and electricity, and generate mechanical power. It is further used to supply business and homes through the natural gas pipeline.
Anaerobic digestion is divided into wet anaerobic and dry anaerobic digestion. Wet anaerobic digestion is generally a common practice, but presently industries as well as researchers have started to focus on dry anaerobic digestion so as to eliminate the water content in the reactor and the digestate, making the process more economical.
Numerous countries across the globe suffer from water scarcity and the significance of water usage is an important issue. Since wet anaerobic digestion for biogas production has a high-water content, it demands a large consumption of water and also needs to treat the digestate after the production of biogas by denitrification process. Dry anaerobic digestion is a better technology with reduced water content in the residue and lower water consumption, since wet AD is energy demanding and also results in loss of nutrition.
The Europe anaerobic digestion market finds application across a number of sectors, including the residential, industrial and commercial sectors.
The Europe anaerobic digestion market is segmented in terms of feedstock, application, process, and regional landscape.
With respect to feed, the market is classified into organic waste, energy crops, sewage sludge, and others. The others segment consists of livestock manures, industrial wastes, and processing residues among others.
From a regional frame of reference, the France anaerobic digestion market is witnessing growth owing to supportive government policies aimed at promoting the installation, development, and use of RES installations in the country, thereby propelling the industry growth.
The Czech Republic market will witness substantial growth on account of introduction of subsidies for new biogas plants along with the supportive regulatory framework for renewable energy utilization.