Biomaterials are natural or synthetically derived materials used in various medical applications. They are majorly used in drug delivery devices, heart valves, joint replacements, suture needles, teeth fillings and other medical implants. Synthetic biomaterials are prepared in laboratory using various chemical processes by using metallic components, polymers, ceramics or composite materials. Natural biomaterials are derived from living organisms including agricultural crops and residues, trees and algae. Natural biomaterials are either prepared from decellularized tissues or are polysaccharides or proteins based.
Synthetic biomaterials have the disadvantage of non-matching structure and composition with the native tissues and they have weaker ability to induce tissue remodelling. Thus, natural biomaterials are preferred over synthetic, to replace damaged tissues or organs as they contain biologically active components and provide better ability to support cell adhesion, migration, proliferation and differentiation.
Currently, biomaterials are majorly used in development of stem cell therapies, regenerative medicines and biosensing applications. Another upcoming field where biomaterials are playing an important role is in the detection of enzyme activity. This is done by tailoring the inorganic nanoparticles, carrying quantum dots, with bioactive peptides and gold.
Biomaterials also have many applications in cardiovascular, wound healing, neurology, orthopaedics and dental segments. Out of these, cardiovascular segment holds the maximum biomaterials market share followed by orthopaedic segment. Factors such as changing lifestyles of people, technological developments, rising aging population, and increasing hip & joint replacement therapies are expected to boost the growth of biomaterials market. In addition, the expected growth in wound healing and plastic surgery are also expected to contribute to the growth of biomaterials market. On the contrary, factors such as strict government regulations for commercialization, insufficient reimbursement facilities and diminished availability of tissues may pose challenges for biomaterials market growth.
The reports listed on ASDReport.com provide a good coverage on biomaterials market. These reports cover various topics and technologies related biomaterials like, synthetic biology, biochips, collagen and HA-based biomaterials, and much more.