Fixed communication, also known as fixed line telecommunication, is a traditional form of telecommunication which includes voice telephony and non-voice information transmission using fixed wirelines. Voice telephony includes fixed or landline telephones and non-voice information includes broadband internet through cable networks. Telecommunication market is transitioning from fixed line telecommunication to mobile or wireless telecommunication, but still fixed line telecommunication constitutes the largest segment of overall telecommunication market.
Wireless devices like mobile phones are emerging as a first choice in voice telephony and they are replacing landline devices because of their convenience and varied feature offerings. However, wireless telecommunication is not in a state to fully undermine the fixed line telecommunication because fibre optic networks, which offers fastest data speeds for internet, still remains the backbone of major telecommunication infrastructures. Fibre optic networks are laid undersea, in which submarine fiber cables with high-capacity communication capabilities are used as wireline communication medium. Submarine fiber cables, which carry around 97% of global data traffic, uses advanced optical amplification technology to transmit high-speed data traffic across regions. Silicon photonics technology is the emerging transmission technology in long range fixed telecommunication as it is capable of carrying huge internet bandwidth and also reduces the power consumption by the fixed communication devices.
Fixed communication has transitioned from landline telephony to high demand IT based services which are driving more technological sophistication in the sector, and customers have become more demanding towards downtime and quality.
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