Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part begin to reproduce uncontrollably and starts to spread to different parts of the body. It can be caused by both internal factors like inherited genetic mutations or external factors like infections, tobacco, chemical or radiation exposure. Cancer can be treated with drugs, surgery, radiation, hormones, and immunotherapy individually or in combination.
Cancer can be categorized into carcinoma, sarcoma, leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma. Carcinoma is the most common type and it begins at epithelial tissues or skin and includes adenocarcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and transitional cell carcinoma. Sarcoma is known to start at connective tissues including bones, cartilage, tendons & fibrous tissues and accordingly it can be grouped into bone sarcoma and soft tissue sarcoma. Leukaemia, colloquially known as blood cancer, produces large amount of under-developed white blood cells that are unable to fight infections. Lymphoma begins in lymphatic system where lymph cells start to divide abnormally, whereas, myeloma grows from uncontrolled multiplication of plasma cells.
Cancer prevention, diagnosis and treatment are covered under oncology which can be categorized into three disciplines namely, medical, surgical and radiation oncology. Medical oncology involves treatment with medicine or drugs including chemotherapy; surgical oncology involves biopsy, staging and surgical removal of tumours; whereas, radiation oncology involves treatment through therapeutic radiation.
Rising prevalence of cancer and growing access to treatments along with patent-cliff are expected to drive the market, specifically, in emerging countries. Currently, market is witnessing higher growth of targeted therapies followed by increase in adoption of combination therapy and biomarkers. In addition, biological therapies are also emerging as a possible permanent treatment for various types of cancers, especially biologic drugs based on monoclonal antibodies are garnering special attention because of their effectiveness.
Higher treatment cost, limited reimbursements and lack of awareness are some of the challenges faced by cancer market.
ASDReport.com has a wide range of reports covering cancer/oncology market. These reports cover various types of cancers and treatments such as, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, hematological tumour, meningioma, renal cell carcinoma, neuroblastoma, radiation toxicity, among others.