Certain genetic diseases are caused by metabolism errors resulting from changes in genes. These changes disrupt the production of some specific enzymes. Treatment of these type of conditions includes dietary changes or replacing the missing enzyme.
A dysmorphic feature is a condition of abnormality in the body structure due to congenital or genetic disorder. Based on their origin, dysmorphic features can be divided into four major groups: deformations, dysplasia, disruptions, and malformations.
Symptoms of genetic conditions can vary and depends on type of the disorder. As genetic diseases may cause severe health problems such as diabetes, asthma and cancer, diagnosis is of utmost importance. Diagnosis of genetic diseases is done through genetic testing wherein genes and chromosomes are analysed. Some of the genetic testing techniques used are prenatal screening, prenatal diagnosis, molecular genetics, cancer genetics and cytogenetic. Genetic testing is also used in personalized medicines, which is an emerging trend in pharmaceutical industry. Currently, genetic testing techniques are expensive, which is a major restraining factor for genetic testing market growth.
Gene therapy is emerging as a major market in healthcare because of its potential to cure various chronic diseases like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, neurological diseases, monogenic diseases and inherited blindness. Of these, oncology is considered as the major market for gene therapy. Currently, most of the gene therapy products are in clinical research phases, with only a few products being commercialised.
ASDReport.com has a good collection of reports on genetic diseases. The reports cover treatments and tests related to genetic diseases like, X chromosome disorders, Gaucher disease, newborn screening, autism spectrum disorder and much more.