Power and fuel are the key facilitators of military operations. Broadly, energy in military is used for basic installations and combat operations and accordingly it can be divided into installation energy and operational energy. Installation energy is consumed to run and operate military buildings and non-combat vehicles. Operational energy, which contributes majority share of the energy consumed by military, is the energy used during training, transportation and sustaining of soldiers and weapon platforms. Operational energy is used by military in aircrafts, combat vehicles, ships and tactical power generators.
Oil is the major source of energy globally; however, lately armed forces are transitioning to renewable energy sources such as solar, biodiesel, biomass, geothermal, among others. Shift towards renewable sources to power military operations is majorly driven by economic reasons and strict environmental regulations. In addition, portability and efficient use of energy has prompted increased adoption of auxiliary power units (APUs) by armed forces. APUs are automated power devices which use fuel cells and photovoltaic modules to generate power, and in military they are majorly used in fighter jets, unmanned aerial vehicles and military land vehicles.
APUs usage is expected to increase further in the military applications with technological developments such as solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). SOFC and DMFC will provide lightweight and portable power solutions to military and consequently will help in execution of independent missions without compromising on space for ammunitions and other supplies. These new generation fuel cells power APUs and are utilised in powering on-board communication systems, sensors, and providing uninterrupted power supply to weapon systems during independent missions.
Increased use of renewable energy and trending towards electric vehicles in military are driving next generation power storage solutions. Vehicle to grid (V2G) technology is one of the emerging technologies which enables military electric vehicles to act as distributed storage devices.
ASDReport.com reports address most of the current and future military power & fuel technologies like, fuel cell electric vehicles, next generation energy storage systems, and among others.