Cell therapy or cytotherapy refers to treatment of diseases by transplanting or injecting cellular material into a patient’s body. These injected cells either replace or repair the damaged cells. Cell therapy is categorized into conventional or mainstream medicine and alternative medicine. Mainstream medicine uses human cells to treat a patient whereas, in alternative medicine animal cells are used to replace or regenerate diseased cells.
In mainstream medicine, cell therapy is majorly categorized into allogeneic and autologous. In allogeneic therapy cells are taken from a third-party donor whereas in autologous therapy the injectable cells are taken from the patient’s own body. Some of the cells that are used in cell therapies are blood forming hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), mesenchymal stem cells, skeletal muscle stem cells, dendritic cells, lymphocytes, T-cells and pancreatic islet cells.
Cell therapy can be helpful in treatment of diseases such as cancer, arthritis, heart disease, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, vision impairments, diabetes, orthopaedic diseases and brain or spinal cord injuries. The most common forms of cell therapies are blood transfusion, platelet transfusions and bone marrow transplant.
Stem cell therapy is one of the largest segments in cell therapy market, due to their ability to multiply and grow into any type of cell. Most common source of stem cells is bone marrow but umbilical cord blood (UCB) is also emerging as a better source of stem cells. Government authorities across the globe are supporting clinical trials of umbilical cord stem cells and considering that healthcare companies have also increased their investments.
Cell therapy market growth is propelled by increasing approvals of clinical trials along with wider therapeutic applications; increasing industry focus on cell research; development of advanced methods for stem cell analysis; and rising occurrences of chronic diseases. However, lack of required infrastructures and complicated preservation process can restrain its market growth.
ASDReport.com has an extensive repository of reports on cell therapy industry. These reports cover various topics and therapies related to the industry like, immunotherapy, stem cell technologies, graft versus host disease, flow cytometry, among others.