The global Hydrogen Storage Alloys market was valued at US$ 2,406.88 million in 2019 and is projected to reach US$ 4,535.53 million by 2028; it is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7.3% from 2020 to 2028.
Hydrogen storage alloys are classified into intermetallic compounds of several types such as AB5, AB2, AB, and A2B. Where group A elements basically consist of La, Ti, Zr, Mg, etc. and B consist of Ni, Co, Fe, Mn, etc. whose hydrides are thermodynamically stable and unstable, respectively. Among these AB5 and AB2 are the most promising and widely used hydrogen storage alloys. These alloys are metallic materials that have a unique ability to reversibly absorb and release significant amounts of hydrogen from the gas phase or electrochemically.
Based on type, the hydrogen storage alloys market is segmented into AB5 and AB2 . The AB5 segment led the hydrogen storage alloys market with the highest market share in 2019. The AB5-type hydrogen storage alloy Mm (Ni, Mn, Co, Al)5 is one of an alloy series which are being extensively used now. The alloy of composition MmNi3.55Mn0.4Al0.3Co0.75 was shown to meet the minimum requirements for a practical battery with respect to cost, cycle life and storage capacity. AB5 alloys combine a hydride forming metal A, usually a rare earth metal (La, Ce, Nd, Pr, Y or their mixture known as Mischmetal), with a non-hydride forming element that is nickel. The latter can be doped with other metals, such as Co, Sn or Al, to improve materials stability or to adjust equilibrium hydrogen pressure and temperature required for its charging discharging with hydrogen, which are anticipated to drive the market in the forecast period.
Geographically, the hydrogen storage alloys market is segmented into North America, Europe, AsiaPacific (APAC), South America, and Middle East & Africa (MEA). In 2019, North America held the largest share of the global hydrogen storage alloys market, followed by Europe and Asia Pacific. Rising demand of environmentally friendly technologies for the automotive industry increases exponentially, and this opens new possibilities for a novel player in the mobility sector, the hydrogen that, is propelling the hydrogen storage alloys market of the North American region. One of the major growth factors of the hydrogen storage alloys market in North America is that they are custom designed to fulfill customer applications. Moreover, many companies in US like JMC, inc., Ajax Tocco Magnethermic Corporation. are actively involved in designing and manufacturing hydrogen storage vessels for future and existing applications, which further boost the demand for hydrogen storage alloys over the forecast period. Increasing demand for electronic products in the region has created an attractive market for hydrogen chemicals. Therefore, technological advancements and growth in the electronic industry is projected to boost the demand for hydrogen storage alloys over the forecast period.
The ongoing pandemic has drastically altered the status of the hydrogen generation industry and have negatively impacted the growth of the hydrogen storage alloys market. The COVID-19 outbreak has distorted operational efficiency and disrupted the value chains due to the sudden closure of national and international boundaries, creating revenue loss and damage. For instance, as per a report published by Energy Industry Review, the economic crisis accompanied by the pandemic may lead to a substantial delay in the adoption and commercialization of clean hydrogen energy. This may also impact the capacity of the hydrogen sector to function smoothly as the missing link in the energy transition. The disruptive value chain has had a negative impact on raw material supply, which, in turn, is impacting the growth of the hydrogen storage alloys market. However, as the economies are planning to revive their operations, the demand for hydrogen storage alloys is expected to rise globally. Although the focus over just in time production is another concerning factor hindering market growth. With the growing focus over hydrogen-based economy in post-pandemic times, the demand for hydrogen storage alloys is expected to take huge leaps due to expanding application bases. Further, positive measures undertaken by government along with distributed generations and incorporation of advanced technology is, yet, another factor expected to bolster market growth.
JMC, Merck KGaA, Ajax Tocco Magnethermic Corporation, Baotou Santoku Battery Materials Co., Ltd., Santoku Corporation, American Elements, AMG Titanium Alloys & Coatings LLC, Jiangmen Kanhoo Industry Co., Ltd, Xiamen Tungsten Co., Ltd are among the major players operating in the global Hydrogen Storage Alloys market.
The overall global hydrogen storage alloys market size has been derived in accordance with to both primary and secondary sources. To begin the research process, exhaustive secondary research has been conducted using internal and external sources to obtain qualitative and quantitative information related to the market. Also, multiple primary interviews have been conducted with industry participants and commentators to validate the data, as well as to gain more analytical insights into the topic. The participants typically involved in this process include industry experts, such as VPs, business development managers, market intelligence managers, and national sales managers, along with external consultants such as valuation experts, research analysts, and key opinion leaders specializing in the global Hydrogen Storage Alloys market.