Chromium is a hard metal which has high melting point, excellent corrosion resistance, exhibits high gloss and is highly resistant to tarnishing. It has its use in several applications such as metallurgy, wood preservation, refractory material, magnets, dye and pigment, tanning and catalysts. Chromium is also used as the main ingredient in infrared reflective coatings in armed forces vehicles for camouflaging. The major usage of chromium is in metallurgy as an important alloying material for steel.
Chromium is commercially obtained from chromite ores that are popularly known as chromium oxide. Chromite ores are of four types: Refractory, metallurgical, sand and foundry. Chromite ores are also the main source of chromium for chromium pigments. Chromite ores are abundantly found in regions such as India, Philippines, Zimbabwe, Kazakhstan, South Africa and Finland.
Chromite ore mining process includes underground and surface mining techniques. Surface mining technique is the primary method used to mine the chromite ores. The process includes blasting and drilling of rocks containing chromite ores that are then carried to crusher through large trucks. Underground mining is used to extract rocks from greater depths. Underground mining technique uses blast hole stoping method in order to extract chromite ores where the surrounding rock is hard.
The global chromium mining industry is primarily driven by increasing demand from the stainless steel market. Furthermore, increased production of non-met and foundry grade chromite is also bolstering the market growth. In addition, increasing use of chromium sulphate and chromium salts in tarnishing leather is also significantly contributing towards the growth of chromium mining. However, volatile chromium price along with growing mining expenditure are the major deterrents for the chromium mining market.
ASDReport.com has a collection of reports on chromium mining market. The reports cover various topics and products related to chromium mining like chromic sulphate, chromium oxide green and much more.