Embedded software are written on computer chips and integrated into hardware devices to control their functions. It is designed to perform specific tasks and is applied in real-time systems such as ATMs, missiles, cell phones, digital clocks and airplanes. Once, an embedded software is integrated into hardware, it cannot be changed by a user.
Embedded software are massively used in automotive industry. It has a significant role in developing telematics products as well as in-vehicle infotainment systems. Several innovative features such as electronic stability control, traction control, antilock braking system, automatic four wheel drive, anti-theft system and remote keyless entry have been possible with the use of embedded software. Demand for embedded software has also increased with growing penetration of electric vehicles (EV) and hybrid electric vehicles, where they are utilized to bring greater efficiency.
Several other industry sectors such as telecommunications, aeronautics, space, rail, mobile communications and consumer electronics are making effective use of embedded software for cost optimization, as it assists in improvising early detection factor, shorten the development schedules and lower maintenance cost. Embedded software can also enable systems to identify idle and critical processes and allocate power accordingly, hence, making it more energy efficient.
Tendency of embedded software to communicate autonomously with other devices poses risks to data. Issue of scalability, limitation of hardware, reliability, and remote operations are some of its other shortcomings.
ASDReport.com has a good coverage on embedded software market. The reports cover technologies related to embedded software like software defined networking, embedded system hardware, and much more.