Frankly, there is still a long way to go to achieve autonomous driving on complicated urban roads. However, mature technologies and solutions are available for autonomous driving in a relatively closed environment or on fixed routes.

Globally, governments, together with enterprises and research institutes, have launched a lot of such projects over the last two years. For example, the Netherlands, Japan, and Dubai have started testing and planned to put them into operation.

The Report does some statistics of and research into autonomous buses and projects in service/soon-to-be in service/planned-to-be in service.

Domestically, Baidu and OEMs (Chery and BAIC) are leading the development of relevant operation projects.

Scenic-spot vehicles and fixed-point/fixed-route autonomous vehicles are the autonomous vehicles that are mostly likely to be put into commercial application. The establishment and launching of these projects, to some extent, bolster confidence of every party in R&D and promotion of autonomous driving.