Climate changes in the past were attributed to astronomical deviations, however presently it is predominantly anthropogenic. Ocean acidification, air quality deterioration, and ice sheet melting are few evidences of climate change. Advanced monitoring technologies are greatly supporting formulation of action plans for managing changes in the environment.  

 Innovations in sensor technology are paving the way for real time and precise monitoring of environmental parameters leading to informed decision making and action plans. Sensors intended for environmental monitoring applications are becoming more and smaller and user friendly.
The technology innovation report captures advances in sensor technologies that are intended for monitoring various parameters in the environment. The report covers sensor technologies such as MEMS, nano, flexible, smart, bio, optical, image, and wireless. Assessment of sensor applications for environmental monitoring is done based on patent and funding trends, innovation initiatives, factors influencing adoption, and future growth opportunities.