Brick, stone and masonry are a group of materials used in construction along with mortar and other materials such as sand, concrete blocks, granite, gravel, marble, crushed stone, limestone, travertine and tiles. The global bricks, stone and masonry market is driven by growing real estate and infrastructure sector.
Bricks are hardened block of treated clay with a mixture of lime and sand. Bricks manufacturing uses two hardening processes namely, air dried and fire hardened, and out of these two hardening processes fire hardened method is widely used around the world. Though bricks are the preferred choice among homebuilders and architects, the use of concrete bricks and blocks are increasing due to their high tensile strength over conventional bricks.
The trend of using stones over other construction materials is emerging due to its advantages such as non-toxicity, less requirement of water and no safety coating needed during construction. Construction stones are segmented into construction aggregates and natural stones. Construction aggregates provide volume stability, wear & erosion resistance and other required physical properties. Construction aggregates are granular materials which are components of concrete and asphalt. Some examples of construction aggregates are slag, recycled concrete and geo-synthetic aggregates. Natural stones include granite, tiles, basalt, slate and marble which are quarried and cut for construction purposes.
Increasing demand of natural stones such as ceramic and porcelain tiles due to their low cost and maintenance has resulted in rise in demand of tile and stone adhesives. Tile and stone adhesives are obtained from several raw materials such as silica sand, polymer resins, acrylic, Portland cement, additives and epoxy. Tiles and stone adhesive market is segmented into cementitious, epoxy and others. The cementitious segment is expected to grow owing to its low cost and ease of availability.
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