Infectious diseases can be transferred through direct or indirect contact via air, water or food contamination. They are mainly caused by microbes such as bacteria, fungi, virus or other parasites. Their symptoms can vary depending on the type of infecting organism and their results can be chronic or fatal. Hence there has been continuous attempt to test, diagnose and cure them. Dengue, Hepatitis A, B, and C, HIV, Leishmaniasis, Malaria, Typhoid, Schistosomiasis and Rotavirus are some of the most common infectious diseases.
Due to their contagious nature, infectious diseases can spread quickly to cause outbreak in communities, resulting in mass destruction of human life. These can also spread through animal carriers such as Zika virus, which is transmitted through an infected mosquito, for which no medicine is available yet. Ebola virus disease is another example which is passed to humans through body fluid of infected animals.
There are several antibiotics, anti-fungal, antibacterial, antiviral and anti-parasitic drugs for treatment of infectious diseases, which can be used depending on the type of infection. Antiviral drugs are used for treatment of chronic viral diseases like HIV, hepatitis B and C. Some infections, such as chicken pox and measles, can be prevented by vaccination, while some require proper diagnostics and tests before using proper therapeutic measures.
Traditional diagnostic methods such as immunodiagnostics, microscopy and biochemical along with advanced molecular diagnostic techniques are being utilized to detect various infectious diseases.
Rise in aging population, high rate of infectious diseases, adoption of advanced molecular techniques and increasing healthcare awareness are some of the major factors fuelling the growth of infectious diseases market. While, issues such as rising healthcare costs, lack of awareness of novel diagnostic solutions and lower detection rates resulting from inferior laboratory conditions can restrain market growth. Infectious disease market is witnessing increased usage of generic drugs due to patent expiration of infectious disease drugs.
ASDReport.com has an extensive array of reports on infectious disease sector. The reports provides insights on various therapies and topics related to infectious diseases like, point-of-care diagnostic, viral infections, viral in activation, infection surveillance, and much more.