1 INTRODUCTION 14
1.1 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 14
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 14
1.3 STUDY SCOPE 15
1.3.1 YEARS CONSIDERED FOR THE STUDY 15
1.4 CURRENCY 16
1.5 LIMITATIONS 16
1.6 STAKEHOLDERS 16

2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 17
2.1 RESEARCH DATA 17
2.1.1 SECONDARY DATA 18
2.1.1.1 Key Data from Secondary Sources 18
2.1.2 PRIMARY DATA 19
2.1.2.1 Key Data from Primary Sources 19
2.1.2.2 Key Industry Insights 20
2.1.2.3 Breakdown of Primary Interviews 20
2.2 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 21
2.3 PRIMARY AND SECONDARY RESEARCH 22
2.4 MARKET BREAKDOWN AND DATA TRIANGULATION 24
2.5 RESEARCH ASSUMPTIONS 25

3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 26

4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 29
4.1 INTRODUCTION 29
4.2 LIFE EXPECTANCIES OF BATTERIES IN AUTOMOTIVE AND STATIONARY APPLICATIONS 29
4.2.1 EXPORT OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES 30
4.3 MATERIALS PRESENT IN SPENT BATTERIES 31

5 MARKET OVERVIEW 34
5.1 INTRODUCTION 34
5.2 MARKET DYNAMICS 34
5.2.1 DRIVERS 35
5.2.1.1 Increase in demand for electric vehicles 35
5.2.1.2 Stringent local and state government regulations and EPA guidelines 36
5.2.1.3 Rising demand for recycled products and materials 36
5.2.1.4 Depletion of earth metals 36
5.2.2 RESTRAINTS 37
5.2.2.1 Safety issues related to the storage and transportation of spent batteries 37
5.2.3 OPPORTUNITIES 37
5.2.3.1 Subsidies to encourage battery recycling 37
5.2.3.2 Increasing production expected to lead to a decline in prices of lithium-ion batteries, rising adoption in new applications, and recycling after end-of-life 37
5.2.3.3 Geographically concentrated sources of lithium and cobalt 38
5.2.4 CHALLENGES 38
5.2.4.1 High cost of recycling and dearth of technologies for the extraction of lithium from spent lithium-based batteries 38

6 VALUE CHAIN OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES 39
6.1 VALUE CHAIN OF LI-ION BATTERIES, WITH MAJOR GLOBAL PLAYERS 39
6.2 LITHIUM-ION BATTERY RECYCLING PROCESS 40
6.3 ESTIMATED LI-ION BATTERY RECYCLING CAPACITIES OF KEY RECYCLERS 40

7 LITHIUM-ION BATTERY RECYCLING MARKET REGULATIONS 41
7.1 NORTH AMERICA BATTERY RECYCLING REGULATIONS 41
7.1.1 US 41
7.1.2 CANADA 48
7.2 EUROPE BATTERY RECYCLING REGULATIONS 49
7.3 ASIA PACIFIC BATTERY RECYCLING REGULATIONS 50

8 ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET OUTLOOK (EXISTING SUBSIDIES,
AND TAX STRUCTURES) 51
8.1 INTRODUCTION 51
8.2 CANADA 51
8.3 CHINA 52
8.4 DENMARK 54
8.5 FRANCE 54
8.6 GERMANY 55
8.7 INDIA 56
8.8 JAPAN 57
8.9 NORWAY 57
8.10 SWEDEN 58
8.11 THE NETHERLANDS 59
8.12 UK 59
8.13 US 60

9 LITHIUM-ION BATTERY RECYCLING MARKET, BY END USE 63
9.1 INTRODUCTION 64
9.2 AUTOMOTIVE 65
9.2.1 HIGH DEMAND FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES PROJECTED TO LEAD TO THE GROWTH OF THE MARKET 65
9.3 NON-AUTOMOTIVE 70
9.3.1 EUROPE LED THE NON-AUTOMOTIVE SEGMENT IN 2018 70
9.3.2 INDUSTRIAL 70
9.3.3 POWER 71
9.3.4 MARINE 71

10 AUTOMOTIVE LITHIUM-ION BATTERY RECYCLING MARKET,
BY BATTERY CHEMISTRY 73
10.1 INTRODUCTION 74
10.2 LITHIUM-NICKEL MANGANESE COBALT (LI-NMC) 75
10.2.1 LITHIUM-NICKEL MANGANESE COBALT (LI-NMC) ACCOUNTED FOR THE LARGEST SHARE OF THE MARKET IN 2018 75
10.3 LITHIUM-IRON PHOSPHATE (LFP) 77
10.3.1 LITHIUM IRON PHOSPHATE (LFP), ACCOUNTED FOR THE SECOND-LARGEST SHARE OF THE MARKET IN 2018 77
10.4 LITHIUM-MANGANESE OXIDE (LMO) 78
10.4.1 ADVANTAGES, SUCH AS LOWER INTERNAL RESISTANCE, HIGH THERMAL STABILITY, IMPROVED HANDLING OF CURRENT, ARE FACTORS PROPELLING DEMAND FOR LMO BATTERIES 78
10.5 LITHIUM-TITANATE OXIDE (LTO) 79
10.5.1 THE DEMAND FOR LTO BATTERIES ACCOUNTED FOR THE LARGEST SHARE OF THE NORTH AMERICA REGION IN 2018 79
10.6 LITHIUM-NICKEL COBALT ALUMINUM OXIDE (NCA) 81
10.6.1 NCA BATTERIES ARE PROJECTED TO GROW AT THE HIGHEST CAGR IN EUROPE, DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD, 2025-2030 81
10.7 MATERIALS PRESENT IN BATTERIES FOR RECYCLING 82

11 LITHIUM-ION BATTERY RECYCLING PROCESS 85
11.1 INTRODUCTION 85
11.1.1 HYDROMETALLURGICAL PROCESS 85
11.1.2 PYROMETALLURGY PROCESS 86
11.1.3 PHYSICAL/MECHANICAL PROCESS 87

12 LI-ION BATTERY RECYCLING MARKET, BY REGION 88
12.1 INTRODUCTION 89
12.2 NORTH AMERICA 92
12.2.1 US 95
12.2.1.1 US dominated the LIB recycling market in North America
region in 2018 95
12.2.2 CANADA 96
12.2.2.1 Stringent implementation of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) in Canada is supporting market growth in the country 96
12.3 EUROPE 98
12.3.1 EUROPE WAS THE SECOND-LARGEST LITHIUM-ION BATTERY RECYCLING MARKET GLOBALLY IN 2019 98
12.4 ASIA PACIFIC 100
12.4.1 IN THE ASIA PACIFIC, JAPAN LED THE AUTOMOTIVE LITHIUM-ION BATTERY RECYCLING MARKET IN 2019 100

13 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 103
13.1 OVERVIEW 103
13.2 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE MAPPING, 2019 105
13.2.1 VISIONARY LEADERS 105
13.2.2 INNOVATORS 105
13.2.3 DYNAMIC DIFFERENTIATORS 105
13.2.4 EMERGING COMPANIES 105
13.3 COMPETITIVE BENCHMARKING 107
13.3.1 STRENGTH OF PRODUCT PORTFOLIO 107
13.3.2 BUSINESS STRATEGY EXCELLENCE 108
13.4 MARKET RANKING OF KEY PLAYERS 109
13.5 COMPETITIVE SCENARIO 110
13.5.1 ACQUISITIONS 110
13.5.2 EXPANSIONS 111
13.5.3 AGREEMENTS 111
13.5.4 PARTNERSHIPS 112
13.5.5 COLLABORATIONS 113
13.5.6 NEW TECHNOLOGY LAUNCHES 113
13.5.7 NEW TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS 113
13.5.8 INVESTMENTS 114
13.5.9 CONTRACTS 114
13.5.10 NEW PROCESS LAUNCHES 114

14 COMPANY PROFILES 115
(Business Overview, Products Offered, Recent Developments, SWOT Analysis, MnM View)*
14.1 UMICORE 115
14.2 GLENCORE INTERNATIONAL AG 119
14.3 RETRIEV TECHNOLOGIES INC. 121
14.4 RAW MATERIALS COMPANY INC. (RMC) 123
14.5 INTERNATIONAL METALS RECLAMATION COMPANY, LLC (INMETCO) 125
14.6 AMERICAN MANGANESE INC. 126
14.7 SITRASA 127
14.8 LI-CYCLE CORP. 128
14.9 NEOMETALS LTD 129
14.10 RECUPYL SAS 130
14.11 METAL CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES (MCT) 131
14.12 TES-AMM SINGAPORE PTE LTD 132
14.13 FORTUM OYJ 133
14.14 GEM CO., LTD 135
14.15 CONTEMPORARY AMPEREX TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD (CATL) 136
14.16 OTHER COMPANIES 137
14.16.1 TATA CHEMICALS LIMITED 137
14.16.2 ONTO TECHNOLOGY, LLC 137
14.16.3 LITHION RECYCLING INC. 137
14.16.4 ECOBAT TECHNOLOGIES LTD. 138
14.16.5 BATTERY RECYCLING MADE EASY (BRME) 138
14.16.6 EURO DIEUZE INDUSTRIE (E.D.I.) 138
14.16.7 BATREC INDUSTRIE AG 139
14.16.8 URECYCLE GROUP OY 139
*Details on Business Overview, Products Offered, Recent Developments, SWOT Analysis, MnM View might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.

15 APPENDIX 140
15.1 DISCUSSION GUIDE 140
15.2 KNOWLEDGE STORE 142
15.3 AVAILABLE CUSTOMIZATIONS 144
15.4 RELATED REPORTS 144
15.5 AUTHOR DETAILS 146