1 INTRODUCTION 18
1.1 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 18
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 19
1.3 MARKET SCOPE 20
1.3.1 MARKETS COVERED 20
1.3.2 YEARS CONSIDERED FOR THE STUDY 21
1.4 CURRENCY 21
1.5 LIMITATIONS 22
1.6 PACKAGE SIZE 22
1.7 STAKEHOLDERS 22

2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 23
2.1 RESEARCH DATA 23
2.1.1 SECONDARY DATA 25
2.1.1.1 Key Secondary Sources for Market Sizing 25
2.1.1.2 key data from secondary sources 26
2.1.2 PRIMARY DATA 26
2.1.2.1 Sampling Techniques & Data Collection Methods 27
2.1.2.2 Primary participants 28
2.2 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 28
2.2.1 BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 30
2.2.2 TOP-DOWN APPROACH 31
2.3 ASSUMPTIONS 32

3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 35

4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 38
4.1 ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES IN THE RIDE SHARING MARKET 38
4.2 ASIA OCEANIA: RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY SERVICE TYPE & COUNTRY 39
4.3 MARKET GROWTH, BY KEY COUNTRIES 40
4.4 RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY SERVICE TYPE 40
4.5 CAR SHARING MARKET, BY TYPE 41
4.6 RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE 41
4.7 MICRO MOBILITY MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE 42
4.8 RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY DATA SERVICE 42
4.9 RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY DISTANCE 43
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5 MARKET OVERVIEW 44
5.1 INTRODUCTION 44
5.2 DRIVERS 46
5.2.1 INCREASING SMARTPHONE AND INTERNET PENETRATION 46
5.2.2 INCREASE IN COST OF VEHICLE OWNERSHIP 47
5.2.2.1 Reduction in car ownership among millennials 47
5.2.2.2 Rising fuel prices 48
5.2.3 STRINGENT CO2 REDUCTION TARGETS 49
5.3 RESTRAINTS 50
5.3.1 RESISTANCE FROM TRADITIONAL TRANSPORT SERVICES 50
5.3.2 VARYING TRANSPORT POLICIES OF DIFFERENT COUNTRIES 50
5.4 OPPORTUNITIES 51
5.4.1 INCREASING USER BASE AMONG MILLENNIALS AND POTENTIAL GENERATION Z 51
5.4.2 DEVELOPMENT OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES FOR RIDE SHARING 51
5.4.3 OEMS AS MOBILITY SERVICE PROVIDERS 52
5.4.4 PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS 52
5.4.5 MICRO-MOBILITY 53
5.5 CHALLENGES 54
5.5.1 PROFITABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY MODEL 54
5.5.2 FIRST MILE LAST MILE 55

6 INDUSTRY TRENDS 56
6.1 INTRODUCTION 56
6.2 RIDE SHARING – AN OVERALL ECOSYSTEM 56
6.3 PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS 57
6.3.1 INTENSITY OF COMPETITIVE RIVALRY 57
6.3.2 THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES 58
6.3.3 BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS 58
6.3.4 BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS 58
6.3.5 THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS 59
6.4 IMPACT OF VEHICLE AUTOMATION ON RIDE HAILING 59
6.4.1 IMPACT OF AUTOMATION L2 ON RIDE HAILING 60
6.4.2 IMPACT OF AUTOMATION L3 ON RIDE HAILING 60
6.4.3 IMPACT OF AUTOMATION L4/L5 ON RIDE HAILING 60
6.5 AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES AND VEHICLE CONNECTIVITY 63
6.5.1 VEHICLE-TO-CLOUD (V2C) 63
6.5.2 VEHICLE-TO-PEDESTRIAN (V2P) 63
6.5.3 VEHICLE-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE (V2I) 64
6.5.4 VEHICLE-TO-VEHICLE (V2V) 64
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7 RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY SERVICE TYPE 65
Note - The Chapter is Further Segmented at Regional Level and Considered Regions are Asia Oceania, Europe, North America, and RoW
7.1 INTRODUCTION 66
7.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 66
7.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS AND DEFINITIONS 67
7.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 68
7.2 E-HAILING 69
7.2.1 E-HAILING LEADS THE RIDE SHARING MARKET WITH THE PRESENCE OF INDUSTRY LEADERS LIKE UBER AND DIDI 69
7.3 CAR SHARING 70
7.3.1 RISE IN DAILY COMMUTE TO WORK PLACES AND INCREASED NEED TO SAVE FUEL & COST ARE ANTICIPATED TO FUEL THE CAR SHARING MARKET 70
7.4 CAR RENTAL 71
7.4.1 THE DEMAND FOR CAR RENTAL WILL REMAIN STAGNANT DUE TO GROWING DEMAND FOR CAR SHARING AND STATION-BASED MOBILITY 71
7.5 STATION-BASED MOBILITY 72
7.5.1 STATION-BASED MOBILITY CAN BE ONE OF THE BEST SOLUTIONS FOR THE FIRST MILE LAST MILE PROBLEM 73

8 CAR SHARING MARKET, BY TYPE 74
Note - The Chapter is Further Segmented at Regional Level and Considered Regions are Asia Oceania, Europe, North America, and RoW
8.1 INTRODUCTION 75
8.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 75
8.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 76
8.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 76
8.2 P2P CAR SHARING 77
8.2.1 P2P LEADS THE CAR SHARING MARKET WITH THE PRESENCE OF INDUSTRY LEADERS LIKE GETAROUND AND BLABLACAR 78
8.3 CORPORATE CAR SHARING 78
8.3.1 CORPORATE CAR SHARING WILL GROW FASTER IN FUTURE, AS IT IS EASIER TO FIND PEOPLE TRAVELLING FOR BUSINESS PURPOSES 79

9 RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE 80
Note - The Chapter is Further Segmented at Regional Level and Considered Regions are Asia Oceania, Europe, North America, and RoW
9.1 INTRODUCTION 81
9.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 81
9.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 82
9.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 83
9.2 ICE (INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE) VEHICLE 85
9.2.1 ICE VEHICLES HAVE THE DOMINANT PRESENCE ACROSS THE GLOBE IN THE RIDE SHARING INDUSTRY 85
9.3 CNG/LPG VEHICLE 85
9.3.1 HIGH ADOPTION IN INDIA AND CHINA LEADS ASIA OCEANIA TO CATER TO THE LARGEST CNG/LPG RIDE SHARING MARKET 85
9.4 ELECTRIC VEHICLE 86
9.4.1 ELECTRIC VEHICLES HAVE THE POTENTIAL TO DISRUPT THE RIDE SHARING MARKET IN FUTURE 86
9.5 MICRO MOBILITY VEHICLE 87
9.5.1 ASIA OCEANIA IS EXPECTED TO BE THE LARGEST MARKET FOR MICRO MOBILITY 87

10 MICRO MOBILITY MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE 89
Note - The Chapter is Further Segmented at Regional Level and Considered Regions are Asia Oceania, Europe, North America, and RoW
10.1 INTRODUCTION 90
10.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 90
10.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 91
10.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 91
10.2 BIKE/BICYCLE 93
10.2.1 ASIA OCEANIA DOMINATES THE BICYCLE MARKET OWING TO PRESENCE OF LEADERS SUCH AS OFO AND MOBIKE 93
10.3 SCOOTER 94
10.3.1 SCOOTER WILL SHOW FASTEST GROWTH OWING TO INCREASING ADOPTION OF ELECTRIC SCOOTERS 94
10.4 OTHERS 95
10.4.1 POWERED TWO WHEELERS ARE FACING TOUGH COMPETITION FROM SCOOTERS 95

11 RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY DATA SERVICE 96
Note - The Chapter is Further Segmented at Regional Level and Considered Regions are Asia Oceania, Europe, North America, and RoW
11.1 INTRODUCTION 97
11.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 97
11.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 98
11.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 98
11.2 INFORMATION SERVICE 100
11.2.1 WITH THE ADVENT OF TECHNOLOGY, THE USAGE OF INFORMATION SERVICES HAS INCREASED 100
11.3 NAVIGATION 101
11.3.1 NAVIGATION IS THE MOST IMPERATIVE DATA SERVICE FOR RIDE SHARING SERVICE PROVIDERS 101
11.4 PAYMENT SERVICE 102
11.4.1 INCREASING ADOPTION OF DIGITAL PAYMENT SYSTEMS WILL PREVAIL THE MARKET FOR PAYMENT DATA SERVICE 102
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11.5 OTHER 103
11.5.1 BACKEND SUPPORT IS IMPORTANT FOR MAINTAING MULTIPLE DATA SERVICES 103

12 RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY DISTANCE 104
Note - The Chapter is Further Segmented at Regional Level and Considered Regions are Asia Oceania, Europe, North America, and RoW
12.1 INTRODUCTION 105
12.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 105
12.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 106
12.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 106
12.2 SHORT DISTANCE 107
12.2.1 E-HAILING AND STATION-BASED MOBILITY WILL PREVAIL THE MARKET FOR SHORT DISTANCE RIDE SHARING 107
12.3 LONG DISTANCE 108
12.3.1 CAR RENTALS DRIVE THE MARKET FOR LONG DISTANCE RIDE SHARING MARKET 108
13 RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY REGION 109
Note - The Chapter is further segmented by Service type – E-hailing, Car sharing, Car rental, and station-based mobility
13.1 INTRODUCTION 110
13.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 110
13.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 111
13.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 111
13.2 ASIA OCEANIA 115
13.2.1 CHINA 118
13.2.1.1 China accounts for the largest share in the overall ride sharing market owing to presence of largest player Didi 118
13.2.2 INDIA 118
13.2.2.1 India is estimated to be the fastest market in Asia Oceania 118
13.2.3 JAPAN 119
13.2.3.1 Station-based mobility estimated show fastest growth in Japan ride sharing market 119
13.2.4 SINGAPORE 119
13.2.4.1 Singapore is the third largest market for ride sharing in Asia Oceania owing to presence of leading players such as Grab 119
13.2.5 INDONESIA 120
13.2.5.1 Indonesia is the second largest market for ride sharing in Asia Oceania 120
13.2.6 AUSTRALIA 120
13.2.6.1 Car sharing is estimated to show fastest growth in Australia ride sharing market 120
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13.3 EUROPE 121
13.3.1 GERMANY 123
13.3.1.1 Car sharing is estimated to be the largest market after e-hailing in Germany 123
13.3.2 FRANCE 123
13.3.2.1 E-hailing account for the largest market for ride sharing in France 123
13.3.3 ITALY 124
13.3.3.1 E-hailing account for the largest market for ride sharing in Italy 124
13.3.4 RUSSIA 124
13.3.4.1 E-hailing account for the largest market for ride sharing in Russia 124
13.3.5 SPAIN 125
13.3.5.1 Station-based mobility estimated show fastest growth in Spain ride sharing market 125
13.3.6 UK 125
13.3.6.1 UK is estimated to be the largest market for e-hailing in Europe 125
13.3.7 TURKEY 126
13.3.7.1 Turkey is estimated to be the fastest market of ride sharing in Asia Oceania 126
13.3.8 NETHERLANDS 126
13.3.8.1 Station-based mobility is the great potential market in Netherlands with fastest growth 126
13.4 NORTH AMERICA 127
13.4.1 CANADA 130
13.4.1.1 Car sharing is estimated to show fastest growth in Canada ride sharing market 130
13.4.2 MEXICO 130
13.4.2.1 Mexico is projected to be the fastest growing country in North America 130
13.4.3 US 131
13.4.3.1 US accounts for the second largest share in the overall ride sharing market owing to presence Uber 131
13.5 REST OF THE WORLD (ROW) 132
13.5.1 BRAZIL 133
13.5.1.1 Car sharing is projected to be the second largest market by 2025 after E-hailing 133
13.5.2 UAE 134
13.5.2.1 Car sharing in UAE is estimated to show flat trend owing to government restrictions 134
13.5.3 SOUTH AFRICA 134
13.5.3.1 South Africa is projected to be the fastest growing country in RoW region 134
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14 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 135
14.1 INTRODUCTION 135
14.2 COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING 137
14.2.1 INTRODUCTION 137
14.2.2 VISIONARY LEADERS 137
14.2.3 INNOVATORS 137
14.2.4 DYNAMIC DIFFERENTIATORS 138
14.2.5 EMERGING COMPANIES 138
14.3 COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING: E-HAILING, CAR RENTAL, CAR SHARING SERVICE PROVIDERS, 2018 139
14.3.1 COMPETITIVE BENCHMARKING 140
14.3.1.1 Company-wise business strategy analysis 140
14.3.1.2 Company-wise product offering analysis 141
14.4 COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING: MICRO MOBILITY SERVICE PROVIDERS, 2018 142
14.4.1 COMPETITIVE BENCHMARKING 143
14.4.1.1 Company-wise business strategy analysis 143
14.4.1.2 Company-wise product offering analysis 144
14.5 RIDE SHARING: MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS 145
14.6 COMPETITIVE SITUATIONS & TRENDS 146
14.6.1 NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT 146
14.6.2 EXPANSION 148
14.6.3 MERGERS/ACQUISITIONS/PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS 150

15 COMPANY PROFILES 155
(Overview, Product/service offerings, Recent Developments, SWOT analysis)*
15.1 UBER 155
15.2 LYFT 158
15.3 DIDI 161
15.4 GETT 164
15.5 GRAB 167
15.6 OLA (ANI TECHNOLOGIES) 170
15.7 BLABLACAR 173
15.8 INTEL 175
15.9 TOMTOM 178
15.10 APTIV 181
15.11 DENSO 184
15.12 ADDITIONAL COMPANY PROFILES 187
15.12.1 NORTH AMERICA 187
15.12.1.1 IBM 187
15.12.1.2 Ford 187
15.12.1.3 General Motors 187
15.12.1.4 Waymo 187
15.12.2 EUROPE 188
15.12.2.1 Daimler 188
15.12.2.2 Car2go 188
15.12.2.3 BMW 188
15.12.2.4 Bosch 189
15.12.2.5 Cabify 189
15.12.2.6 Taxify 189
15.12.3 ASIA PACIFIC 189
15.12.3.1 Toyota 189
15.12.3.2 Goget 190
15.12.4 ROW 190
15.12.4.1 Careem 190
15.12.4.2 Easy Taxi 190
*Details on Overview, Product/service offerings, Recent Developments, SWOT analysis might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.

16 APPENDIX 191
16.1 KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 191
16.2 DISCUSSION GUIDE 192
16.3 KNOWLEDGE STORE: MARKETSANDMARKETS’ SUBSCRIPTION PORTAL 198
16.4 AVAILABLE CUSTOMIZATIONS 200
16.4.1 RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE (KEY COUNTRIES*) 200
16.4.1.1 Electric vehicle mobility 200
16.4.1.2 CNG/LPG vehicle 200
16.4.1.3 ICE vehicle mobility 200
16.4.1.4 Micro-mobility 200
16.4.2 RIDE SHARING MARKET, BY CITY 200
16.4.2.1 New York, US 200
16.4.2.2 Los Angeles, US 200
16.4.2.3 London, UK 200
16.4.2.4 Berlin, Germany 200
16.4.2.5 Madrid, Spain 200
16.4.2.6 Dubai, UAE 200
16.4.2.7 Toronto, Canada 200
16.5 RELATED REPORTS 201
16.6 AUTHOR DETAILS 202