Table of Content


Table of Contents        Page Number
1    Chapter 1: Introduction    43
1.1    Executive Summary    43
1.2    Topics Covered    45
1.3    Forecast Segmentation    47
1.4    Key Questions Answered    51
1.5    Key Findings    52
1.6    Methodology    53
1.7    Target Audience    54
1.8    Companies & Organizations Mentioned    55
        
2    Chapter 2: An Overview of the Public Safety Mobile Broadband Market    65
2.1    Narrowband LMR (Land Mobile Radio) Systems in Public Safety    65
2.1.1    LMR Market Size    66
2.1.1.1    Analog LMR    67
2.1.1.2    DMR    67
2.1.1.3    dPMR, NXDN & PDT    68
2.1.1.4    P25    68
2.1.1.5    TETRA    69
2.1.1.6    Tetrapol    69
2.1.1.7    Other LMR Technologies    70
2.1.2    The Limitations of LMR Networks for Non-Voice Services    70
2.2    Adoption of Commercial Mobile Broadband Technologies for Public Safety    71
2.2.1    Why Use Commercial Mobile Broadband Technologies?    71
2.2.2    The Perceived Role of Mobile Broadband in Public Safety Scenarios    71
2.2.2.1    Partnerships with Commercial Mobile Operators    72
2.2.2.2    Private LTE and WiMAX Networks    72
2.2.3    Can Mobile Broadband Technologies Replace LMR Systems?    72
2.2.4    How Big is the Commercial Mobile Broadband Market?    73
2.2.5    Will the Public Safety Witness the Same Level of Growth as the Consumer Sector?    73
2.2.6    What are the Growth Drivers?    74
2.3    Why LTE?    74
2.3.1    Performance Metrics    75
2.3.2    Coexistence, Interoperability and Spectrum Flexibility    75
2.3.3    A Thriving Ecosystem    76
2.3.4    Economic Feasibility    76
2.4    Public Safety LTE Technology & Architecture    77
2.4.1    UE (User Equipment)    77
2.4.1.1    Smartphones & Handportable Terminals    78
2.4.1.2    Vehicle-Mounted Routers & Terminals    78
2.4.1.3    Stationary CPEs    79
2.4.1.4    Tablets & Notebook PCs    79
2.4.1.5    USB Dongles, Embedded IoT Modules & Others    79
2.4.2    E-UTRAN – The LTE RAN (Radio Access Network)    80
2.4.2.1    eNB Base Stations    80
2.4.2.2    TDD vs. FDD    81
2.4.3    Transport Network    81
2.4.4    EPC (Evolved Packet Core) – The LTE Mobile Core    81
2.4.4.1    SGW (Serving Gateway)    82
2.4.4.2    PGW (Packet Data Network Gateway)    82
2.4.4.3    MME (Mobility Management Entity)    82
2.4.4.4    HSS (Home Subscriber Server)    82
2.4.4.5    PCRF (Policy Charging and Rules Function)    83
2.4.5    IMS (IP-Multimedia Subsystem), Application & Service Elements    83
2.4.5.1    IMS Core & VoLTE    83
2.4.5.2    eMBMS (Enhanced Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service)    84
2.4.5.3    ProSe (Proximity Services)    84
2.4.5.4    Group Communication & Mission-Critical Services    85
2.4.6    Gateways for LTE-LMR Interworking    85
2.5    LTE-Advanced & 5G: Implications for Public Safety    86
2.5.1    The Move Towards LTE-Advanced Networks    86
2.5.2    LTE Advanced Pro: Accelerating Public Safety LTE Rollouts    87
2.5.3    5G Requirements: Looking Towards the Future    87
2.5.4    5G Applications for Public Safety    89
2.6    Support for Roaming in Public Safety LTE Networks    90
2.6.1    Inter-System Roaming    90
2.6.2    Intra-System Roaming with External LTE Networks    90
2.7    Public Safety LTE Deployment Models    91
2.7.1    Private Public Safety LTE    91
2.7.2    Shared Commercial Public Safety LTE: Private-Public Partnerships    91
2.7.3    Public Safety LTE Access over Commercial Mobile Networks    92
2.7.4    Hosted-Core Public Safety LTE Networks    92
2.8    Funding Models for Private Public Safety LTE Network Deployments    92
2.8.1    BOO (Built, Owned and Operated) by Integrator/Vendor    92
2.8.2    Owned and Operated by the Government Authority    93
2.8.3    Local Agency Hosted Core    93
2.8.4    Multiple Networks    93
2.9    Market Growth Drivers    94
2.9.1    Higher Throughput and Low Latency    94
2.9.2    Economic Feasibility    94
2.9.3    Bandwidth Flexibility    94
2.9.4    Spectral Efficiency    95
2.9.5    Regional Interoperability    95
2.9.6    Lack of Competition from Other Standards    95
2.9.7    Endorsement from the Public Safety Community    96
2.9.8    Commitments by Infrastructure and Device Vendors    96
2.9.9    QoS (Quality of Service), Priority & Preemption Provisioning    96
2.9.10    Group Voice & Multimedia Communications Support    97
2.10    Market Barriers    97
2.10.1    Spectrum Allocation    97
2.10.2    Budgetary Issues    98
2.10.3    Delayed Standardization    98
2.10.4    Dependency on New Chipsets & Devices for Dedicated Public Safety Features    99
2.10.5    Smaller Coverage Footprint than LMR Systems    99
        
3    Chapter 3: Key Enabling Technologies for Public Safety LTE    100
3.1    Mission-Critical Voice & Group Communications    100
3.1.1    Group Communications    100
3.1.1.1    GCSE (Group Communication System Enablers)    100
3.1.1.2    eMBMS (Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service)    101
3.1.1.3    Additional Group-Based Enhancements    102
3.1.2    MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT)    102
3.1.2.1    Architecture & Functional Capabilities    102
3.1.2.2    Performance Comparison with LMR Voice Services    103
3.1.3    Mission-Critical Data & Video    104
3.2    D2D (Device-to-Device) Functionality    105
3.2.1    ProSe (Proximity Services) for D2D Connectivity & Communications    105
3.2.2    ProSe Service Classification    106
3.2.2.1    Discovery    106
3.2.2.2    Direct Communication    106
3.2.3    Public Safety Applications for ProSe    107
3.2.3.1    Direct Communication for Coverage Extension    107
3.2.3.2    Direct Communication within Network Coverage    108
3.2.3.3    Infrastructure Failure & Emergency Situations    108
3.2.3.4    Additional Capacity for Incident Response & Special Events    108
3.2.3.5    Discovery Services for Disaster Relief    108
3.3    IOPS (Isolated E-UTRAN Operation for Public Safety)    109
3.3.1    Ensuring Resilience and Service Continuity for Public Safety LTE Users    109
3.3.2    Localized EPC & Application Capabilities    110
3.3.3    Support for Regular & Nomadic eNBs    110
3.3.4    Isolated E-UTRAN Scenarios    110
3.3.4.1    No Backhaul    110
3.3.4.2    Limited Backhaul for Signaling Only    111
3.3.4.3    Limited Backhaul for Signaling & User Data    111
3.4    Deployable LTE Systems    111
3.4.1    Key Operational Capabilities    111
3.4.1.1    eNB-Only Systems for Coverage & Capacity Enhancement    111
3.4.1.2    Mobile Core Integrated Systems for Autonomous Operation    111
3.4.1.3    Backhaul Connectivity    112
3.4.2    NIB (Network-in-a-Box): Self-Contained Portable Systems    112
3.4.2.1    Backpacks    112
3.4.2.2    Tactical Cases    112
3.4.3    Vehicular Platforms    113
3.4.3.1    COW (Cell-on-Wheels)    113
3.4.3.2    COLT (Cell-on-Light Truck)    113
3.4.3.3    SOW (System-on-Wheels)    114
3.4.3.4    VNS (Vehicular Network System)    114
3.4.4    Airborne Platforms    114
3.4.4.1    Drones    115
3.4.4.2    Balloons    115
3.4.4.3    Other Aircraft    116
3.4.5    Maritime Platforms    116
3.5    UE Enhancements    116
3.5.1    Ruggedization for Meet Public Safety Usage Requirements    116
3.5.2    Dedicated PTT-Buttons & Functional Enhancements    117
3.5.3    Long-Lasting Batteries    117
3.5.4    HPUE (High-Power User Equipment)    117
3.6    QPP (QoS, Priority & Preemption)    118
3.6.1    3GPP Specified QPP Capabilities    118
3.6.1.1    Access Priority: ACB (Access Class Barring)    118
3.6.1.2    Admission Priority & Preemption: ARP (Allocation and Retention Priority)    118
3.6.1.3    Traffic Scheduling Priority: QCI (QoS Class Indicator)    119
3.6.1.4    Emergency Scenarios: eMPS (Enhanced Multimedia Priority Service)    119
3.6.2    Additional QPP Enhancements    119
3.7    End-to-End Security    120
3.7.1    3GPP Specified LTE Security Architecture    120
3.7.1.1    Device Security    120
3.7.1.2    Air Interface & E-UTRAN Security    121
3.7.1.3    Mobile Core & Transport Network Security    121
3.7.2    Application Domain Protection & E2EE (End-to-End Encryption)    122
3.7.3    Enhancements to Support National Security & Additional Requirements    123
3.8    Complimentary Technologies & Concepts    124
3.8.1    Satellite Communications    124
3.8.2    High Capacity Microwave Links    124
3.8.3    Spectrum Sharing & Aggregation    125
3.8.4    MOCN (Multi-Operator Core Network)    125
3.8.5    DECOR (Dedicated Core)    125
3.8.6    Network Slicing    126
3.8.7    NFV (Network Functions Virtualization)    127
3.8.8    SDN (Software Defined Networking)    128
3.8.9    C-RAN (Centralized RAN)    128
3.8.10    MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing)    129
        
4    Chapter 4: Review of Major Public Safety LTE Engagements    131
4.1    FirstNet (First Responder Network) Authority    131
4.1.1    Contract Award    132
4.1.1.1    Leveraging AT&T's Commercial LTE Network Assets    132
4.1.1.2    Band 14 Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Buildout    132
4.1.1.3    Interoperability with Opt-Out Statewide Networks    133
4.1.2    Present Status    134
4.1.2.1    Buildout Activity    134
4.1.2.2    Disaster Preparedness & Network Hardening    134
4.1.2.3    Readiness of Deployable Network Assets    135
4.1.2.4    Opt-In States & Territories    136
4.1.2.5    Alternative Network Plans & Potential Opt-Outs    137
4.1.2.6    App & Device Ecosystem    137
4.1.3    Pricing for FirstNet Subscription Packages    138
4.1.4    Deployment Plan    139
4.1.4.1    2017: IOC (Initial Operating Capability) Stage 1 & Initial Buildout    139
4.1.4.2    2018 – 2021: IOC Stages 2 – 5    140
4.1.4.3    2022: FOC (Final Operational Capability)    141
4.1.4.4    2023 & Beyond: Additional Technology Upgrades    141
4.1.5    Key Applications    141
4.1.6    Status of “Early Builder” Ventures    142
4.1.6.1    LA-RICS (Los Angeles Regional Interoperable Communications System)    142
4.1.6.2    ADCOM-911 (Adams County Communications Center)    143
4.1.6.3    NMFirstNet (New Mexico FirstNet)    144
4.1.6.4    JerseyNet    145
4.1.6.5    HCLTE (Harris County LTE)    146
4.2    United Kingdom’s ESN (Emergency Services Network)    149
4.2.1    Rationale for Leveraging Commercial Networks    149
4.2.2    Major Contract Awards    149
4.2.2.1    Project Delivery    150
4.2.2.2    Mobile Services    150
4.2.2.3    User Services    151
4.2.3    Enabling Projects    151
4.2.4    Present Status    152
4.2.4.1    Operational Testing & Feature Implementation    152
4.2.4.2    Infrastructure Rollout    152
4.2.4.3    Rapid Response Vehicles for Coverage Extension    153
4.2.4.4    User Device Procurement    154
4.2.5    Deployment Plan    154
4.2.5.1    Design, Testing, Functional Trials & Service Readiness    154
4.2.5.2    Mobilization & Major Operational Trials    155
4.2.5.3    Airwave-to-ESN Transition    155
4.2.6    Key Applications    155
4.2.7    Possibility Continuity of Airwave    156
4.3    South Korea’s Safe-Net (National Disaster Safety Communications Network)    157
4.3.1    Initial Contract Awards    157
4.3.2    Present Status    158
4.3.2.1    Pilot Rollout & Initial Testing    158
4.3.2.2    Public Safety Support for the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics    158
4.3.3    Deployment Plan    159
4.3.3.1    Phase I    159
4.3.3.2    Phase II    159
4.3.3.3    Phase III    160
4.3.4    Key Applications    160
4.3.5    Integration with Railway & Maritime Networks    162
4.4    Other Deployment Case Studies    163
4.4.1    Abu Dhabi Police    163
4.4.2    ALTÁN Redes    164
4.4.3    ASTRID    166
4.4.4    French Army    167
4.4.5    German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr)    168
4.4.6    Kenyan Police Service    169
4.4.7    Lijiang Police    171
4.4.8    MRC (Mobile Radio Center)    172
4.4.9    MSB (Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency)    173
4.4.10    Nedaa    174
4.4.11    Persistent Telecom    175
4.4.12    PSCA (Punjab Safe Cities Authority)    176
4.4.13    Qatar MOI (Ministry of Interior)    177
4.4.14    RESCAN (Canary Islands Network for Emergency and Security)    178
4.4.15    Rivas Vaciamadrid City Council    179
4.4.16    Shanghai Police Department    180
4.4.17    Singapore MHA (Ministry of Home Affairs)    182
4.4.18    Southern Linc    183
4.4.19    State Security Networks Group    185
4.4.20    Telstra LANES (LTE Advanced Network for Emergency Services)    187
4.4.21    Ukkoverkot    189
        
5    Chapter 5: Public Safety LTE and Mobile Broadband Applications Ecosystem    191
5.1    Mission-Critical HD Voice & Group Communications    191
5.2    Video & High-Resolution Imagery    192
5.2.1    Mobile Video & Imagery Transmission    192
5.2.2    Stationary Video Surveillance    193
5.3    Messaging & Presence Services    193
5.4    Secure & Seamless Mobile Broadband Access    194
5.4.1    Web Access, Email & Conventional Data Services    194
5.4.2    Bandwidth-Intensive & Latency-Sensitive Field Applications    194
5.4.3    Bulk Multimedia & Data Transfers    194
5.4.4    Seamless Roaming & Mobile VPN Access    195
5.4.5    Other Complementary Applications    195
5.5    Location Services & Mapping    195
5.6    Command & Control    197
5.6.1    Enhanced CAD (Computer Aided Dispatching)    197
5.6.2    Situational Awareness    197
5.7    Telemetry, Control and Remote Diagnostics    198
5.8    AR (Augmented Reality) & Emerging Applications    198
5.9    The Present State of the Application Ecosystem    199
5.9.1    What's on Offer?    199
5.9.2    Emergence of Developer Programs & App Stores    199
5.9.3    The Numbers: How Big is the Opportunity?    200
        
6    Chapter 6: Spectrum for Public Safety LTE    201
6.1    North America    201
6.1.1    United States    201
6.1.2    Canada    202
6.2    Latin & Central America    202
6.2.1    Brazil    202
6.2.2    Mexico    202
6.2.3    Chile    203
6.2.4    Rest of Latin & Central America    203
6.3    Europe    204
6.3.1    United Kingdom    204
6.3.2    France    204
6.3.3    Germany    204
6.3.4    Spain    205
6.3.5    Switzerland    205
6.3.6    Sweden    205
6.3.7    Finland    206
6.3.8    Norway    206
6.3.9    Rest of Europe    207
6.4    Middle East & Africa    207
6.4.1    Qatar    207
6.4.2    United Arab Emirates    208
6.4.3    Oman    208
6.4.4    Saudi Arabia    208
6.4.5    Israel    208
6.4.6    Rest of the Middle East & Africa    209
6.5    Asia Pacific    209
6.5.1    China    209
6.5.2    South Korea    209
6.5.3    Japan    210
6.5.4    Hong Kong    210
6.5.5    Singapore    210
6.5.6    Malaysia    211
6.5.7    Indonesia    211
6.5.8    Thailand    211
6.5.9    Australia    211
6.5.10    New Zealand    212
6.5.11    India    212
6.5.12    Rest of Asia Pacific    212
6.6    The Prospects of Spectrum Harmonization    213
6.6.1    400/450 MHz    214
6.6.2    700 MHz    215
6.6.3    800 MHz    215
6.6.4    Higher Frequencies    216
        
7    Chapter 7: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives    217
7.1    3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)    217
7.1.1    Public Safety LTE Standardization    217
7.1.2    Release 11: Support for HPUE (High-Power User Equipment)    218
7.1.3    Release 12: ProSe & GCSE    218
7.1.3.1    ProSe (Proximity Services)    218
7.1.3.2    GCSE (Group Communication System Enablers)    219
7.1.4    Release 13: MCPTT, IOPS & Further Enhancements    219
7.1.4.1    MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT) Voice Service    219
7.1.4.2    IOPS (Isolated E-UTRAN Operation for Public Safety)    220
7.1.4.3    ProSe Enhancements for Public Safety    220
7.1.4.4    GROUPE (Group Based Enhancements)    220
7.1.4.5    SC-PTM & Other Public Safety-Related Features    221
7.1.5    Release 14: Support for Mission-Critical Video & Data    221
7.1.5.1    Common Functionalities for MC (Mission-Critical) Services    221
7.1.5.2    MCPTT-Specific Enhancements    222
7.1.5.3    MCData (Mission-Critical Data)    222
7.1.5.4    MCVideo (Mission-Critical Video)    222
7.1.5.5    Other Enhancements Relevant to Public Safety    222
7.1.6    Release 15 & Beyond: Additional Mission-Critical Service Enhancements    223
7.1.6.1    Common Functionality Enhancements for MC Services    223
7.1.6.2    MCPTT, MCData & MCVideo Enhancements    223
7.1.6.3    Interoperability with 3GPP & Legacy LMR Systems    225
7.1.6.4    Additional Work Items    225
7.2    450 MHz Alliance    225
7.2.1    Advocacy Efforts for 450 MHZ LTE Networks    225
7.3    APCO (Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials) International    226
7.3.1    Public Safety LTE Advocacy Efforts    226
7.4    ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)    227
7.4.1    Standardization Efforts Relevant to Public Safety LTE    227
7.5    CITIG (Canadian Interoperability Technology Interest Group)    228
7.5.1    Public Safety LTE Advocacy Efforts    228
7.6    DRDC (Defence Research and Development Canada)    228
7.6.1    DRDC CSS (DRDC Centre for Security Science)    229
7.6.1.1    Participation in the Federal PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) Task Team    229
7.6.1.2    Guidelines for LTE Broadband Deployable Systems    229
7.6.1.3    Cross-Border Public Safety LTE Interoperability Experiments    230
7.7    ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)    230
7.7.1    TCCE (TETRA and Critical Communications Evolution) Technical Committee    230
7.7.1.1    User Requirement Specifications    231
7.7.1.2    Critical Communications Architecture Reference Model    232
7.7.1.3    Critical Communications Application Mobile to Network Interface    232
7.7.1.4    Interworking Between TETRA & 3GPP Mission-Critical Services    233
7.7.1.5    MCPTT Plugfests & Functionality Testing    233
7.7.1.6    Other Work Relevant to Public Safety LTE    234
7.8    FCC (Federal Communications Commission)    234
7.8.1    PSHSB (Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau)    234
7.8.2    Endorsement of LTE as the Platform for 700 MHz Public Safety LTE Networks    234
7.8.3    Regulation of Public Safety Broadband Spectrum    235
7.8.4    Other Engagements Relevant to Public Safety LTE    235
7.9    Home Office, United Kingdom    236
7.9.1    Public Safety LTE Standardization Efforts    236
7.10    ICCRA (International Critical Control Rooms Alliance)    236
7.10.1    LTE Support in Critical Control Room Interface Standards    237
7.11    ISED (Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada)    237
7.11.1    Participation in the Federal PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) Task Team    237
7.11.2    Regulation of Public Safety Broadband Spectrum    238
7.11.3    CRC (Communications Research Centre Canada)    238
7.11.3.1    CIRTEC (Communications Interoperability Research Test and Evaluation Centre)    238
7.12    ITU (International Telecommunication Union)    239
7.12.1    Spectrum Harmonization for Public Safety LTE Networks    239
7.12.1.1    Resolution 646: Encouraging the Use of 700 & 800 MHz Spectrum    239
7.12.1.2    Decisions by Regional Member Organizations    240
7.13    MCOP (Mission-Critical Open Platform)    240
7.13.1    Open Platform for the Development of Standards-Compliant MCPTT Applications    241
7.14    NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)    241
7.14.1    CTL (Communications Technology Laboratory)    241
7.15    NPSTC (National Public Safety Telecommunications Council)    242
7.15.1    Early Leadership in Public Safety LTE    242
7.15.2    Key Working Groups    242
7.15.2.1    Broadband Emerging Technologies    243
7.15.2.2    Broadband Deployable Systems    243
7.15.2.3    Public Safety IoT    243
7.15.2.4    LMR-LTE Integration & Interoperability    244
7.15.2.5    Common Channel Naming    244
7.15.2.6    National EMS (Emergency Medical Services) Communications    244
7.15.3    Standardization of PSG (Public Safety Grade) Systems & Facilities    245
7.15.4    Previous Work & Other Ongoing Efforts    245
7.16    NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration)    246
7.16.1    FirstNet Governance & Funding    246
7.16.2    ITS (Institute for Telecommunication Sciences)    247
7.16.3    Other Related-Work    247
7.17    OMA (Open Mobile Alliance)    248
7.17.1    PoC (PTT-over-Cellular): V1.04, V2.0 and V2.1    248
7.17.2    PCPS (Push-to-Communicate for Public Safety)    248
7.18    PSCE (Public Safety Communications Europe)    249
7.18.1    Public Safety LTE Standardization    249
7.18.2    BroadMap: Readiness of Interoperable PPDR Broadband Radio Communication Systems    250
7.18.3    Other Work Relevant to Public Safety LTE    250
7.19    PSCR (Public Safety Communications Research)    250
7.19.1    Public Safety Requirements & Standardization Efforts    251
7.19.2    Band 14 LTE Public Safety Demonstration Network    251
7.19.3    Public Safety Mission-Critical Voice    251
7.19.4    Public Safety Analytics    252
7.19.5    Location-Based Services    252
7.19.6    Security    253
7.19.7    User Interface & Experience    253
7.19.8    Deployable LTE Systems    254
7.19.9    Other Projects    254
7.20    Public Safety Canada    255
7.20.1    Participation in the Federal PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) Task Team    255
7.21    Safe-Net Forum    255
7.21.1    Technical & Policy Guidance    256
7.21.2    Ecosystem Development    256
7.22    TCCA (TETRA and Critical Communications Association)    256
7.22.1    CCBG (Critical Communications Broadband Group)    257
7.22.2    BIG (Broadband Industry Group)    257
7.23    TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)    258
7.23.1    TR-8.8: Subcommittee on Broadband Data Systems    258
7.23.1.1    Broadband Data Protocol Standards    258
7.23.1.2    MCPTT and Related Supplementary Services    258
7.23.1.3    Mission Critical Priority and QoS Control Service    259
7.24    TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea)    259
7.24.1    Functional Requirements for Public Safety LTE    259
7.24.2    Testing & Certification    259
7.25    Vendor-Led Initiatives    260
7.25.1    eLTE Industry Alliance    260
7.25.2    Nokia's Mission Critical Communications Alliance    260
        
8    Chapter 8: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain    261
8.1    Industry Roadmap    261
8.1.1    Pre-2020: Early Nationwide Public Safety LTE Network Rollouts    261
8.1.2    2020 – 2025: Commercial Readiness of 3GPP-Complaint Mission-Critical Capabilities    263
8.1.3    2025 – 2030: Continued LTE Investments to Replace Legacy LMR Systems    264
8.2    Value Chain    265
8.2.1    Enabling Technology Providers    265
8.2.2    RAN, Mobile Core & Transport Infrastructure OEMs    266
8.2.3    Device OEMs    266
8.2.4    System Integrators    267
8.2.5    Application Developers    267
8.2.6    Test, Measurement & Performance Specialists    267
8.2.7    Mobile Operators    267
8.2.8    MVNOs    268
8.2.9    Public Safety Agencies    268
        
9    Chapter 9: Key Ecosystem Players    269
9.1    3M    269
9.2    450connect    270
9.3    4K Solutions    271
9.4    6Harmonics    272
9.5    A10 Networks    273
9.6    Aaoen Technology    274
9.7    AAS (Amphenol Antenna Solutions)    275
9.8    Accedian Networks    276
9.9    Accelleran    277
9.10    Ace Technologies Corporation    278
9.11    AceAxis    279
9.12    Actelis Networks    280
9.13    Aculab    281
9.14    Adax    282
9.15    ADLINK Technology    283
9.16    ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)    284
9.17    ADTRAN    285
9.18    ADVA Optical Networking    286
9.19    AdvanceTec Industries    287
9.20    Advantech    288
9.21    Advantech Wireless    289
9.22    Affarii Technologies    290
9.23    Affirmed Networks    291
9.24    Airbus Defence and Space    292
9.25    Air-Lynx    295
9.26    Airspan Networks    296
9.27    Alea    297
9.28    Alepo    298
9.29    Allied Telesis    299
9.30    Allot Communications    300
9.31    Alpha Networks    301
9.32    Alpha Technologies    302
9.33    Altaeros Energies    303
9.34    Altair Semiconductor    304
9.35    Altiostar Networks    305
9.36    Alvarion Technologies    306
9.37    AM Telecom    307
9.38    Amarisoft    308
9.39    Amdocs    309
9.40    American Tower Corporation    310
9.41    Anritsu Corporation    311
9.42    Apple    312
9.43    Arcadyan Technology Corporation    313
9.44    Archos    314
9.45    Argela    315
9.46    ArgoNET    317
9.47    Aricent    318
9.48    ARM Holdings    319
9.49    Armour Communications    320
9.50    Arqiva    321
9.51    Artemis Networks    322
9.52    Artesyn Embedded Technologies    323
9.53    Artiza Networks    324
9.54    ASELAN    325
9.55    ASOCS    326
9.56    Assured Wireless Corporation    327
9.57    ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)    328
9.58    ASUS (ASUSTeK Computer)    329
9.59    AT&T    330
9.60    ATDI    332
9.61    Atel Antennas    333
9.62    Athonet    334
9.63    Atos    335
9.64    AttoCore    336
9.65    Avanti Communications Group    337
9.66    AVI    338
9.67    Aviat Networks    339
9.68    Avigilon Corporation    340
9.69    Avtec    341
9.70    Axis Communications    342
9.71    Axon    343
9.72    Azcom Technology    344
9.73    Azetti Networks    345
9.74    BAE Systems    346
9.75    Baicells Technologies    347
9.76    BandRich    348
9.77    Barrett Communications    349
9.78    BATS (Broadband Antenna Tracking Systems)    350
9.79    BCDVideo    351
9.80    BCE (Bell Canada)    352
9.81    BEC Technologies    353
9.82    Benetel    354
9.83    BeyondTrust Software    355
9.84    BFDX (BelFone)    356
9.85    BHE (Bonn Hungary Electronics)    357
9.86    Bird Technologies    358
9.87    Bittium Corporation    359
9.88    BK Technologies    361
9.89    Black & Veatch    362
9.90    Black Box Corporation    363
9.91    BlackBerry    364
9.92    Blackned    366
9.93    Blueforce Development Corporation    367
9.94    Bosch Security Systems    368
9.95    BridgeWave Communications    369
9.96    Broadcom    370
9.97    Brocade Communications Systems    371
9.98    BTI Wireless    372
9.99    C Spire    373
9.100    CACI International    374
9.101    CalAmp Corporation    375
9.102    Cambium Networks    376
9.103    Capita    377
9.104    Carlson Wireless Technologies    378
9.105    Casa Systems    379
9.106    Casio Computer Company    380
9.107    Catalyst Communications Technologies    381
9.108    Caterpillar    382
9.109    Cavium    383
9.110    CCI (Communication Components Inc.)    384
9.111    CCI Systems    385
9.112    CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)    386
9.113    cellXica    387
9.114    CelPlan Technologies    388
9.115    Ceragon Networks    389
9.116    Certes Networks    390
9.117    Challenge Networks    391
9.118    Chemring Technology Solutions    392
9.119    Cielo Networks    393
9.120    Ciena Corporation    394
9.121    Cirpack    395
9.122    Cisco Systems    396
9.123    Cloudstreet    398
9.124    CND (Core Network Dynamics)    399
9.125    Cobham Wireless    400
9.126    Codan Radio Communications    401
9.127    Coherent Logix    402
9.128    Collinear Networks    403
9.129    Comba Telecom    404
9.130    COMLAB    405
9.131    CommAgility    406
9.132    CommandWear Systems    407
9.133    CommScope    408
9.134    Comrod Communication Group    409
9.135    Comtech Telecommunications Corporation    410
9.136    CONET Technologies    411
9.137    Connect Tech    413
9.138    Contela    414
9.139    Coolpad Group    415
9.140    Coriant    416
9.141    Cornet Technology    417
9.142    Corning    418
9.143    Covia Labs    419
9.144    Cradlepoint    420
9.145    Crown Castle International Corporation    421
9.146    CS Corporation    422
9.147    CybertelBridge    423
9.148    CyPhy Works    424
9.149    Dahua Technology (Zhejiang Dahua Technology)    425
9.150    Dali Wireless    426
9.151    DAMM Cellular Systems    427
9.152    Datang Mobile    428
9.153    Dell Technologies    429
9.154    Delta Electronics    430
9.155    Dialogic    431
9.156    DragonWave-X    432
9.157    Druid Software    433
9.158    DT (Deutsche Telekom)    434
9.159    Duons    435
9.160    Eastcom (Eastcom Communications Company)    436
9.161    EchoStar Corporation    437
9.162    Ecom Instruments    438
9.163    EE    439
9.164    EION Wireless    440
9.165    Elbit Systems    441
9.166    ELUON Corporation    443
9.167    ENENSYS Technologies    445
9.168    éolane DOUARNENEZ    446
9.169    Ercom    447
9.170    Ericsson    448
9.171    ETELM    450
9.172    Etherstack    451
9.173    Ethertronics    452
9.174    ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)    453
9.175    EXACOM    454
9.176    Exalt Wireless    455
9.177    Excelerate Technology    456
9.178    EXFO    457
9.179    Expeto Wireless    458
9.180    Expway    459
9.181    ExteNet Systems    460
9.182    Eyecom Telecommunications Group    461
9.183    Fairwaves    462
9.184    FastBack Networks    463
9.185    Federated Wireless    464
9.186    Fenix Group    465
9.187    FiberHome Technologies    466
9.188    FireEye    467
9.189    Flash Private Mobile Networks    468
9.190    FLIR Systems    469
9.191    Forcepoint    470
9.192    Fortinet    471
9.193    Foxcom    472
9.194    Fraunhofer FOKUS (Institute for Open Communication Systems)    473
9.195    Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)    475
9.196    FreeWave Technologies    476
9.197    Frequentis    477
9.198    FRTek    478
9.199    Fujian Sunnada Network Technology    479
9.200    Fujitsu    480
9.201    Funkwerk    481
9.202    Future Technologies    482
9.203    Galtronics Corporation    483
9.204    GCT Semiconductor    484
9.205    GE (General Electric)    485
9.206    Gemalto    486
9.207    Gemtek Technology    487
9.208    Genaker    488
9.209    GENBAND    489
9.210    General Dynamics Mission Systems    490
9.211    Genesis Group    491
9.212    GenXComm    492
9.213    GeoSafe    493
9.214    Getac Technology Corporation    494
9.215    GIKO GROUP    495
9.216    Gilat Satellite Networks    496
9.217    Globalstar    497
9.218    Goodman Networks    498
9.219    Goodmill Systems    499
9.220    Google    500
9.221    GRENTECH    502
9.222    GroupTalk    503
9.223    GSI (GS Instech)    504
9.224    Guangzhou Iplook Technologies    505
9.225    GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)    506
9.226    Hanwha Techwin    507
9.227    Harris Corporation    508
9.228    Haystax Technology    510
9.229    HCL Technologies    511
9.230    Hexagon    512
9.231    Hikvision (Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology)    513
9.232    HISPASAT Group    514
9.233    Hitachi    515
9.234    Hoimyung ICT    516
9.235    Honeywell International    517
9.236    Horsebridge Defence & Security    518
9.237    HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)    519
9.238    HQT (Shenzhen HQT Science and Technology)    521
9.239    HTC Corporation    522
9.240    Huawei    523
9.241    Hughes Network Systems    525
9.242    Hunter Technology    526
9.243    Hytera Communications    527
9.244    IAI (Israel Aerospace Industries)    529
9.245    IBM Corporation    530
9.246    Icom    531
9.247    IDEMIA    532
9.248    IDY Corporation    533
9.249    IMPTT    534
9.250    Indra    535
9.251    Infinova    536
9.252    InfoVista    537
9.253    Inmarsat    539
9.254    InnoWireless    540
9.255    Insta Group    541
9.256    Intel Corporation    542
9.257    Intercede    544
9.258    InterDigital    545
9.259    Intersec    546
9.260    Intracom Telecom    547
9.261    Intrepid Networks    548
9.262    ip.access    549
9.263    IPITEK    550
9.264    Iridium Communications    551
9.265    Irvees Technology    552
9.266    ISCO International    553
9.267    IS-Wireless    555
9.268    Italtel    556
9.269    ITCEN    557
9.270    ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)    558
9.271    ITS Ibelem    559
9.272    JMA Wireless    560
9.273    Johnson Controls    561
9.274    Jolla    562
9.275    JPS Interoperability Solutions    563
9.276    JRC (Japan Radio Company)    564
9.277    Juni Global    565
9.278    Juniper Networks    566
9.279    JVCKENWOOD Corporation    567
9.280    Kapsch CarrierCom    569
9.281    Kathrein-Werke KG    570
9.282    KBR    571
9.283    Keysight Technologies    572
9.284    Kirisun Communications    574
9.285    Kisan Telecom    575
9.286    Klas Telecom    576
9.287    Klein Electronics    578
9.288    Kleos    579
9.289    KMW    580
9.290    Kodiak Networks    581
9.291    Koning & Hartman    582
9.292    Kontron S&T    583
9.293    KPN    584
9.294    KRTnet Corporation    585
9.295    KT Corporation    586
9.296    Kudelski Group    588
9.297    Kumu Networks    589
9.298    Kyocera Corporation    590
9.299    L3 Technologies    591
9.300    LCR Embedded Systems    592
9.301    Leenos Corporation    593
9.302    Lemko Corporation    594
9.303    Lenovo    595
9.304    Leonardo    596
9.305    LG Electronics    598
9.306    LG Uplus    599
9.307    LGS Innovations    600
9.308    Ligado Networks    601
9.309    Lime Microsystems    602
9.310    LOCIVA    603
9.311    Lockheed Martin Corporation    604
9.312    Lookout    606
9.313    LS telcom    607
9.314    Luminate Wireless    608
9.315    M87    609
9.316    Macquarie Group    610
9.317    Magister Solutions    611
9.318    Martin UAV    612
9.319    Mavenir Systems    613
9.320    McAfee    615
9.321    MediaTek    616
9.322    Mellanox Technologies    617
9.323    Mentura Group    618
9.324    MER Group    619
9.325    Metaswitch Networks    620
9.326    MIC Nordic    621
9.327    Micro Focus    622
9.328    Microlab    623
9.329    Microsoft Corporation    624
9.330    Microwave Networks    625
9.331    Milestone Systems    626
9.332    MitraStar Technology Corporation    627
9.333    Mitsubishi Electric Corporation    628
9.334    Mobile Tornado    629
9.335    MobileDemand    630
9.336    MobileIron    631
9.337    Mobilicom    632
9.338    ModUcom (Modular Communication Systems)    633
9.339    MoMe    634
9.340    Moseley Associates    635
9.341    Motorola Solutions    636
9.342    Moxtra Public Safety    639
9.343    MP Antenna    640
9.344    MRV Communications    641
9.345    MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.)    642
9.346    Mutualink    643
9.347    N.A.T.    645
9.348    Nash Technologies    646
9.349    NEC Corporation    647
9.350    Nemergent Solutions    649
9.351    Netas    650
9.352    NetMotion    651
9.353    NETSCOUT Systems    652
9.354    New Postcom Equipment    653
9.355    Nextivity    654
9.356    NextNav    655
9.357    NI (National Instruments)    656
9.358    NICE Systems    658
9.359    NIKSUN    659
9.360    Node-H    660
9.361    Nokia Networks    661
9.362    Northrop Grumman Corporation    664
9.363    NuRAN Wireless    666
9.364    NVIS Communications    667
9.365    NXP Semiconductors    668
9.366    Oceus Networks    669
9.367    Octasic    670
9.368    ODN (Orbital Data Network)    671
9.369    Omnitele    672
9.370    Omoco    673
9.371    One2many    674
9.372    Openet    675
9.373    Oracle Communications    676
9.374    Orange    677
9.375    PacStar (Pacific Star Communications)    678
9.376    Palo Alto Networks    679
9.377    Panasonic Corporation    680
9.378    Panda Electronics Group    681
9.379    Panorama Antennas    682
9.380    Parallel Wireless    683
9.381    Parsons Corporation    684
9.382    PCTEL    685
9.383    pdvWireless    686
9.384    Pelco (Schneider Electric)    687
9.385    Pepro    688
9.386    Persistent Telecom    689
9.387    Phluido    691
9.388    Plover Bay Technologies    692
9.389    PMN (Private Mobile Networks)    693
9.390    Polaris Networks    694
9.391    PoLTE Corporation    695
9.392    Potevio    696
9.393    PRISMA Telecom Testing    697
9.394    Pryme Radio Products    698
9.395    Pulse Electronics    699
9.396    Qinetiq    700
9.397    Qualcomm    701
9.398    Quanta Computer    703
9.399    Qucell    704
9.400    Quintel    705
9.401    Quortus    706
9.402    RACOM Corporation    707
9.403    RAD Data Communications    708
9.404    Radio IP Software    709
9.405    Radisys Corporation    710
9.406    RADWIN    711
9.407    Rafael Advanced Defense Systems    712
9.408    Range Networks    713
9.409    Rave Mobile Safety    714
9.410    Raycap    715
9.411    Raytheon Company    716
9.412    Reality Mobile (ASTRO Solutions)    717
9.413    Rebel Alliance    718
9.414    Red Hat    719
9.415    RED Technologies    720
9.416    REDCOM Laboratories    721
9.417    Redline Communications    722
9.418    Redwall Technologies    723
9.419    Rescue 42    724
9.420    RF Window    725
9.421    RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)    726
9.422    RIVA Networks    727
9.423    Rivada Networks    728
9.424    Rockwell Collins    729
9.425    Rogers Communications    730
9.426    Rohde & Schwarz    731
9.427    Rohill    732
9.428    ROK Mobile    733
9.429    Rosenberger    734
9.430    RugGear    735
9.431    Saab    736
9.432    SafeMobile    737
9.433    SAI Technology    738
9.434    SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation)    739
9.435    Samji Electronics    740
9.436    Samsung Electronics    741
9.437    Sapient Consulting    743
9.438    Savox Communications    744
9.439    Senstar Corporation    745
9.440    Sepura    746
9.441    Sequans Communications    748
9.442    SerComm Corporation    749
9.443    SES    750
9.444    Sevis Systems    751
9.445    SFR    752
9.446    Shentel (Shenandoah Telecommunications Company)    753
9.447    SIAE Microelettronica    754
9.448    Siemens Convergence Creators    755
9.449    Sierra Wireless    756
9.450    Signal Information & Communication Corporation    757
9.451    Siklu Communication    758
9.452    Silicom    759
9.453    Simoco Wireless Solutions    760
9.454    Singtel    761
9.455    SiRRAN    762
9.456    Sistelbanda    763
9.457    SITRONICS    764
9.458    Siyata Mobile    765
9.459    SK Telecom    766
9.460    SK Telesys    768
9.461    SLA Corporation    769
9.462    SmartSky Networks    770
9.463    Smith Micro Software    771
9.464    Softil    773
9.465    SOLiD    775
9.466    Soliton Systems    776
9.467    Sonim Technologies    777
9.468    Sonus Networks    778
9.469    Sony Corporation    779
9.470    Sooktha    780
9.471    SOTI    781
9.472    Southern Linc    782
9.473    Space Data Corporation    783
9.474    Spectra Group    784
9.475    SpiderCloud Wireless    785
9.476    Spirent Communications    786
9.477    Spreadtrum Communications    787
9.478    Sprint Corporation    788
9.479    SRS (Software Radio Systems)    789
9.480    Star Solutions    790
9.481    STMicroelectronics    791
9.482    Stop Noise    792
9.483    sTraffic    793
9.484    StreamWIDE    794
9.485    Sumitomo Electric Industries    795
9.486    Swisscom    796
9.487    Symantec    797
9.488    Sysoco Group    798
9.489    SyTech (Systems Engineering Technologies) Corporation    799
9.490    TacSat Networks    800
9.491    Tait Communications    801
9.492    Tampa Microwave    803
9.493    TASSTA    804
9.494    Tata Elxsi    805
9.495    TCL Communication    806
9.496    TCOM    807
9.497    Tech Mahindra    808
9.498    Tecom    809
9.499    Tecore Networks    810
9.500    TEKTELIC Communications    811
9.501    Telco Systems    812
9.502    Telefónica Group    813
9.503    Televate    814
9.504    Tellabs    815
9.505    Telo Systems Corporation    816
9.506    Telos Corporation    817
9.507    Telrad Networks    818
9.508    Telstra    819
9.509    Teltronic    820
9.510    Telum    821
9.511    Telus Corporation    822
9.512    TESSCO Technologies    823
9.513    TETRATAB    824
9.514    Thales    825
9.515    TI (Texas Instruments)    827
9.516    Tieto Corporation    828
9.517    TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)    829
9.518    Titan Securite    830
9.519    TLC Solutions    831
9.520    T-Mobile USA    833
9.521    Toshiba Corporation    834
9.522    Trópico    835
9.523    TRX Systems    836
9.524    Twinhead International Corporation    837
9.525    U.S. Cellular    838
9.526    UANGEL    839
9.527    Ukkoverkot    840
9.528    UNIMO Technology    841
9.529    URSYS    842
9.530    US Digital Designs    843
9.531    Utility Associates    844
9.532    V5 Systems    846
9.533    Vanu    847
9.534    Vencore Labs    848
9.535    Verint Systems    849
9.536    Verizon Communications    850
9.537    ViaSat    852
9.538    Viavi Solutions    853
9.539    Vidyo    854
9.540    Vision Technologies    855
9.541    Visual Labs    856
9.542    VMware    857
9.543    VNC (Virtual Network Communications)    858
9.544    VNL (Vihaan Networks Limited)    859
9.545    Vodafone Group    860
9.546    Voxer    861
9.547    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland    862
9.548    West Corporation    863
9.549    Westell Technologies    864
9.550    Wildox (Shenzhen Happy Technology)    865
9.551    WINITECH    866
9.552    WinMate    867
9.553    WiPro    868
9.554    Wireless Technologies Finland    869
9.555    Wireless Telecom Group    870
9.556    WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)    871
9.557    WTL (World Telecom Labs)    872
9.558    Wytec International    873
9.559    xG Technology    874
9.560    Xiamen Puxing Electronics Science & Technology    876
9.561    Xilinx    877
9.562    Xplore Technologies Corporation    879
9.563    Z-Com    880
9.564    Zello    881
9.565    Zetel Solutions    882
9.566    Zetron    883
9.567    Zinwave    884
9.568    ZMTel (Shanghai Zhongmi Communication Technology)    885
9.569    ZTE    886
        
10    Chapter 10: Market Analysis and Forecasts    888
10.1    The Global Public Safety Mobile Broadband Market    888
10.1.1    Public Safety Broadband over Commercial Mobile Networks    888
10.1.2    Narrowband Data over LMR Networks    889
10.1.3    Public Safety Broadband over Private Mobile Networks    889
10.1.3.1    The Perceived Unreliability of Commercial Mobile Networks    889
10.1.3.2    Private Public Safety LTE and WiMAX Subscriptions Compared    890
10.2    The Global Public Safety LTE Device Market    891
10.2.1    Private Public Safety LTE Networks    891
10.2.1.1    Public Safety Subscriptions over Private LTE Networks    891
10.2.1.2    Public Safety Device Shipments over Private LTE Networks    892
10.2.1.3    Public Safety Service Revenue over Private LTE Networks    893
10.2.2    Public Safety LTE over Commercial LTE Networks    894
10.2.2.1    Public Safety Subscriptions over Commercial LTE Networks    894
10.2.2.2    Public Safety Device Shipments over Commercial LTE Networks    895
10.2.2.3    Public Safety Service Revenue over Commercial LTE Networks    896
10.2.3    Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Compared    897
10.2.3.1    Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Subscriptions    897
10.2.3.2    Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Device Shipments    898
10.2.3.3    Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Service Revenue    899
10.2.4    Public Safety LTE Device Segmentation by Form Factor    900
10.2.4.1    Smartphones & Handportable Terminals    901
10.2.4.2    Vehicle-Mounted Routers & Terminals    902
10.2.4.3    Stationary CPEs    903
10.2.4.4    Tablets & Notebook PCs    904
10.2.4.5    USB Dongles, Embedded IoT Modules & Others    905
10.3    The Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Market    906
10.3.1    Segmentation by Submarket    907
10.3.2    RAN    908
10.3.3    Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions)    909
10.3.4    Mobile Backhaul & Transport    910
10.3.5    RAN Segmentation by Mobility    911
10.3.5.1    Fixed Base Stations    912
10.3.5.2    Deployable Base Stations    913
10.3.6    RAN Segmentation by Cell Size    914
10.3.6.1    Macrocells    915
10.3.6.2    Small Cells    916
10.3.7    Deployable RAN Segmentation by Form Factor    917
10.3.7.1    NIB (Network-in-a-Box)    918
10.3.7.2    Vehicular Platforms: COW, COLT, SOW & VNS    919
10.3.7.3    Airborne Platforms    920
10.3.7.4    Maritime Platforms    921
10.3.8    Public Safety & Commercial LTE Base Station Shipments Compared    922
10.3.9    Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Segmentation by Technology    923
10.3.9.1    Fiber & Wireline    923
10.3.9.2    Microwave    924
10.3.9.3    Satellite    924
10.4    The Global Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Market    925
10.4.1    Segmentation by Submarket    926
10.4.2    Network Integration & Testing    927
10.4.3    Device Management & User Services    928
10.4.4    Managed Services, Operations & Maintenance    929
10.4.5    Cybersecurity    930
10.5    Regional Market Assessment    931
10.5.1    Asia Pacific    931
10.5.1.1    Subscriptions & Service Revenue    931
10.5.1.2    Devices    932
10.5.1.3    Infrastructure    933
10.5.1.4    RAN    933
10.5.1.5    Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions)    934
10.5.1.6    Mobile Backhaul & Transport    935
10.5.1.7    Management & Integration Solutions    935
10.5.2    North America    936
10.5.2.1    Subscriptions & Service Revenue    936
10.5.2.2    Devices    937
10.5.2.3    Infrastructure    938
10.5.2.4    RAN    938
10.5.2.5    Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions)    939
10.5.2.6    Mobile Backhaul & Transport    940
10.5.2.7    Management & Integration Solutions    940
10.5.3    Latin & Central America    941
10.5.3.1    Subscriptions & Service Revenue    941
10.5.3.2    Devices    942
10.5.3.3    Infrastructure    943
10.5.3.4    RAN    943
10.5.3.5    Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions)    944
10.5.3.6    Mobile Backhaul & Transport    945
10.5.3.7    Management & Integration Solutions    945
10.5.4    Middle East & Africa    946
10.5.4.1    Subscriptions & Service Revenue    946
10.5.4.2    Devices    947
10.5.4.3    Infrastructure    948
10.5.4.4    RAN    948
10.5.4.5    Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions)    949
10.5.4.6    Mobile Backhaul & Transport    950
10.5.4.7    Management & Integration Solutions    950
10.5.5    Eastern Europe    951
10.5.5.1    Subscriptions & Service Revenue    951
10.5.5.2    Devices    952
10.5.5.3    Infrastructure    953
10.5.5.4    RAN    953
10.5.5.5    Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions)    954
10.5.5.6    Mobile Backhaul & Transport    955
10.5.5.7    Management & Integration Solutions    955
10.5.6    Western Europe    956
10.5.6.1    Subscriptions & Service Revenue    956
10.5.6.2    Devices    957
10.5.6.3    Infrastructure    958
10.5.6.4    RAN    958
10.5.6.5    Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions)    959
10.5.6.6    Mobile Backhaul & Transport    960
10.5.6.7    Management & Integration Solutions    960
        
11    Chapter 11: Conclusion and Strategic Recommendations    961
11.1    Why is the Market Poised to Grow?    961
11.2    Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Alliances & Consolidation    961
11.2.1    LTE Infrastructure & Device Sectors    961
11.2.2    Public Safety Sector & the Critical Communications Industry    962
11.2.3    LMR-LTE Vendor Alliances    962
11.3    Standardization & Commercial Availability of Key Enabling Technologies    963
11.3.1    MCPTT & Group Communications    963
11.3.2    ProSe    964
11.3.3    IOPS    964
11.3.4    HPUEs    965
11.3.5    Interim Solutions to Address Commercialization Gaps    965
11.4    Status of Worldwide Public Safety LTE Engagements    966
11.4.1    Middle East & Africa    966
11.4.1.1    Early Rollouts in the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) Region    966
11.4.1.2    Military-Centric Applications in Israel    966
11.4.1.3    Rest of the Middle East & Africa    966
11.4.2    Asia Pacific    967
11.4.2.1    South Korea's Safe-Net: Pioneering Nationwide Deployments in Asia Pacific    967
11.4.2.2    Small-Scale Deployments in China, Pakistan & Laos    967
11.4.2.3    Early Private LTE Network Trials in Japan    967
11.4.2.4    Planned Rollouts in South East Asia    968
11.4.2.5    Australia & New Zealand: Leaning Towards Commercial LTE Networks    968
11.4.2.6    Rest of Asia Pacific    969
11.4.3    North America    969
11.4.3.1    FirstNet: Leading the Way in the United States    969
11.4.3.2    Canada: Dedicated LTE Networks Beginning to Gain Momentum    970
11.4.4    Europe    970
11.4.4.1    United Kingdom's ESN: Spearheading the Use of Commercial LTE Networks    970
11.4.4.2    Spain: Establishing European Leadership in Private LTE Networks    971
11.4.4.3    France: Evaluating Multiple Options to Deliver Mission-Critical Video    971
11.4.4.4    Belgium: Pioneering Multi-National MVNO Platforms    972
11.4.4.5    Finland: First 450 MHz LTE Network    972
11.4.4.6    Sweden: Ongoing Efforts for Dedicated Spectrum Allocation    972
11.4.4.7    Norway: Plans for Hybrid/Commercial LTE Networks    973
11.4.4.8    Germany: Proceeding with Caution    973
11.4.4.9    Switzerland: Support for Both Dedicated & Commercial LTE Networks    974
11.4.4.10    Italy & the Netherlands: Public Safety LTE Platforms over Commercial Networks    974
11.4.4.11    Rest of Europe    975
11.4.5    Latin & Central America    975
11.4.5.1    Shared Military & Public Safety Networks in Brazil    975
11.4.5.2    Mexico: Wholesale Network for Shared Commercial & Public Safety Use    976
11.4.5.3    Rest of Latin & Central America    976
11.5    Spectrum: Will 700 MHz Dominate the Public Safety LTE Market?    976
11.5.1    400/450 MHz    977
11.5.1.1    Band 31    977
11.5.1.2    Band 72    977
11.5.1.3    Non-3GPP Bands    977
11.5.2    700 MHz    977
11.5.2.1    Band 14    977
11.5.2.2    Band 28    978
11.5.2.3    Band 68    978
11.5.3    800 MHz    978
11.5.3.1    Band 20    978
11.5.3.2    Band 26    978
11.5.4    Higher Frequencies    979
11.5.4.1    1.4 GHz    979
11.5.4.2    Other Bands    979
11.6    Opportunities for Commercial Mobile Operators    979
11.6.1    Public Safety LTE Service Revenue Prospects    979
11.6.2    Dedicated Spectrum Access for Public Safety Users    980
11.6.2.1    AT&T & FirstNet    980
11.6.2.2    Telstra LANES    980
11.6.3    Priority Service Offerings    980
11.6.3.1    United Kingdom ESN: Priority Services over EE    980
11.6.3.2    Verizon Communications' Private Network Traffic Management    981
11.6.3.3    AT&T's Dynamic Traffic Management    981
11.6.4    BYON (Build Your Own Network) Platforms    982
11.6.4.1    Telefónica's LTE Nano & LTE-in-a-Box    982
11.6.4.2    AT&T's Private LTE Network Platform    982
11.6.5    Operator-Branded Public Safety LTE Platforms    983
11.6.5.1    Swisscom's LTE Platform for Blue Light Organizations    983
11.6.5.2    TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)'s Public Safety LTE Platform    983
11.6.5.3    KPN's Critical Broadband Platform    983
11.6.6    PTT and Dispatch Solutions over LTE    984
11.7    MVNO Opportunities for Existing LMR Network Operators    984
11.7.1    ASTRID's Blue Light Mobile    984
11.7.2    Airwave's 4GMax    985
11.7.3    VIRVE's MVNO Platform    985
11.7.4    IRIS' (Red Nacional de Radiocomunicación de Misión Crítica Tetrapol) Secure MVNO Solution    986
11.8    TCO Analysis: Independent Private LTE Networks vs. Public-Private Partnerships    987
11.9    Improving Economics: Monetizing Unused Capacity    988
11.9.1    Dedicated Platforms for Dynamic Spectrum Sharing    988
11.9.2    Existing Approaches to Ensure Economic Viability of Large-Scale Engagements    988
11.10    Application Sector Trends    989
11.10.1    Mission-Critical Voice    989
11.10.2    Mobile Video, Multimedia & Situational Awareness Applications    990
11.10.3    Safe City Projects: Real-Time Transmission of CCTV Video Streams    990
11.10.4    Aerial Surveillance via LTE-Connected Drones    990
11.10.5    Field Data Applications for Law Enforcement, Fire & Emergency Medical Services    991
11.10.6    AR (Augmented Reality) Applications    991
11.11    What Cell Types will Public Safety LTE Networks Encompass?    992
11.11.1    Macrocells    993
11.11.2    Small Cells    993
11.11.3    LTE-Advanced UE Relay Nodes: Does the Opportunity Exist?    994
11.11.4    Deployables    995
11.11.4.1    NIB (Network-in-a-Box): Self-Contained Portable Systems    995
11.11.4.2    Vehicular Platforms: COWs, COLTs, SOWs & VNS    996
11.11.4.3    Airborne Platforms    997
11.11.4.4    Maritime Platforms    998
11.12    Mobile Core Investments    999
11.13    Backhaul & Transport Network Investments    999
11.14    Strategic Recommendations    1000
11.14.1    LMR Equipment Suppliers & System Integrators    1000
11.14.2    Recommendations for LTE Infrastructure, Device & Chipset Suppliers    1000
11.14.3    Recommendations for Public Safety Agencies & Stakeholders    1001
11.14.4    Commercial & Private Mobile Operators    1002
        
12    Chapter 12: Expert Opinion – Interview Transcripts    1004
12.1    DSB (Directorate for Civil Protection, Norway)    1004
12.2    Ericsson    1009
12.3    Airbus Defence and Space    1019
12.4    Harris Corporation    1029
12.5    CND (Core Network Dynamics)    1033
12.6    Bittium    1037
12.7    Sepura    1040
12.8    Sierra Wireless    1043
12.9    Sonim Technologies    1046
12.10    Kodiak Networks    1053
12.11    Soliton Systems    1058    



List of Figures        
    Figure 1: Global LMR Subscriptions by Technology: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    70
    Figure 2: Global Analog LMR Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    71
    Figure 3: Global DMR Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    71
    Figure 4: Global dPMR, NXDN & PDT Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    72
    Figure 5: Global P25 Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    72
    Figure 6: Global TETRA Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    73
    Figure 7: Global Tetrapol Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    73
    Figure 8: Global Other LMR Technology Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    74
    Figure 9: Global Mobile Broadband Subscriptions by Technology: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    77
    Figure 10: LTE Speed Compared to 3G & Wi-Fi Networks (Mbps)    79
    Figure 11: Global LTE Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    80
    Figure 12: Public Safety LTE Network Architecture    81
    Figure 13: Global VoLTE (Voice over LTE) Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    90
    Figure 14: 5G Performance Requirements    92
    Figure 15: 5G Network Architecture & Interaction with Other Networks    93
    Figure 16: Architecture Model for GCSE    105
    Figure 17: MCPTT Functional Architecture    107
    Figure 18: Sidelink Air Interface for ProSe    109
    Figure 19: Transition from Normal Backhaul Connectivity to Isolated E-UTRAN Operation    113
    Figure 20: End-to-End Security in Public Safety LTE Networks    126
    Figure 21: Conceptual Architecture for End-to-End Network Slicing in Mobile Networks    130
    Figure 22: NFV Concept    131
    Figure 23: C-RAN Architecture    133
    Figure 24: Key Elements of the FirstNet LTE Network    135
    Figure 25: FirstNet's VNS (Vehicular Network System) Vision    139
    Figure 26: FirstNet Deployment Plan & Timeline    143
    Figure 27: FirstNet Applications for Law Enforcement, Fire Services and Emergency Medical Services    145
    Figure 28: NMFirstNet's LTE Deployable COW (Cell-on-Wheels)    148
    Figure 29: JerseNet's SOW (System-on-Wheels) Specifications    150
    Figure 30: HCLTE Site Deployment Plan    151
    Figure 31: Operational Applications on HCLTE    152
    Figure 32: United Kingdom's ESN Deployment Timeline    159
    Figure 33: South Korea’s Safe-Net Deployment Plan & Timeline    164
    Figure 34: South Korea’s Safe-Net Applications & User Groups    165
    Figure 35: Shanghai Police Convergent Command Center    185
    Figure 36: Telstra LANES Concept    190
    Figure 37: Global Mobile Video Surveillance Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    194
    Figure 38: Global Public Safety LTE & Mobile Broadband Applications Revenue by Category: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    202
    Figure 39: Distribution of Public Safety LTE Engagements by Frequency Band: Q4'2017 (%)    215
    Figure 40: ETSI's Critical Communications System Reference Model    235
    Figure 41: Public Safety LTE Industry Roadmap    263
    Figure 42: Public Safety LTE Value Chain    267
    Figure 43: Global Public Safety Broadband Subscriptions over Commercial Mobile Networks by Technology: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    890
    Figure 44: Global LMR Narrowband Data Subscriptions by Technology: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands)    891
    Figure 45: Global Public Safety Broadband Subscriptions over Private Mobile Networks by Technology: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands)    892
    Figure 46: Global Public Safety Subscriptions over Private LTE Networks: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    893
    Figure 47: Global Public Safety Device Shipments over Private LTE Networks: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    894
    Figure 48: Global Public Safety Device Shipment Revenue over Private LTE Networks: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    894
    Figure 49: Global Public Safety Service Revenue over Private LTE Networks: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    895
    Figure 50: Global Public Safety Subscriptions over Commercial LTE Networks: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    896
    Figure 51: Global Public Safety Device Shipments over Commercial LTE Networks: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    897
    Figure 52: Global Public Safety Device Shipment Revenue over Commercial LTE Networks: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    897
    Figure 53: Global Public Safety Service Revenue over Commercial LTE Networks: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    898
    Figure 54: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    899
    Figure 55: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    900
    Figure 56: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Device Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    900
    Figure 57: Private vs. Commercial Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    901
    Figure 58: Global Public Safety LTE Device Shipments by Form Factor: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    902
    Figure 59: Global Public Safety LTE Device Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    902
    Figure 60: Global Public Safety LTE Smartphone & Handportable Terminal Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    903
    Figure 61: Global Public Safety LTE Smartphone & Handportable Terminal Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    903
    Figure 62: Global Public Safety LTE Vehicle-Mounted Router & Terminal Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    904
    Figure 63: Global Public Safety LTE Vehicle-Mounted Router & Terminal Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    904
    Figure 64: Global Public Safety LTE Stationary CPE Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    905
    Figure 65: Global Public Safety LTE Stationary CPE Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    905
    Figure 66: Global Public Safety LTE Tablet & Notebook PC Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    906
    Figure 67: Global Public Safety LTE Tablet & Notebook PC Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    906
    Figure 68: Global Public Safety LTE USB Dongle, Embedded IoT Module & Other Device Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    907
    Figure 69: Global Public Safety LTE USB Dongle, Embedded IoT Module & Other Device Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    907
    Figure 70: Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    908
    Figure 71: Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    909
    Figure 72: Global Public Safety LTE RAN Investments: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    910
    Figure 73: Global Public Safety LTE Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions) Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    911
    Figure 74: Global Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    912
    Figure 75: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Mobility: 2017 – 2030    913
    Figure 76: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Mobility: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    913
    Figure 77: Global Fixed Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    914
    Figure 78: Global Fixed Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    914
    Figure 79: Global Deployable Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    915
    Figure 80: Global Deployable Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    915
    Figure 81: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Cell Size: 2017 – 2030    916
    Figure 82: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Size: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    916
    Figure 83: Global Public Safety LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    917
    Figure 84: Global Public Safety LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    917
    Figure 85: Global Public Safety LTE Small Cell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    918
    Figure 86: Global Public Safety LTE Small Cell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    918
    Figure 87: Global Deployable Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2017 – 2030    919
    Figure 88: Global Deployable Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    919
    Figure 89: Global Public Safety LTE NIB (Network-in-a-Box) eNB Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    920
    Figure 90: Global Public Safety LTE NIB (Network-in-a-Box) eNB Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    920
    Figure 91: Global Public Safety LTE Vehicular eNB Platform Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    921
    Figure 92: Global Public Safety LTE Vehicular eNB Platform Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    921
    Figure 93: Global Public Safety LTE Airborne eNB Platform Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    922
    Figure 94: Global Public Safety LTE Airborne eNB Platform Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    922
    Figure 95: Global Public Safety LTE Maritime eNB Platform Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    923
    Figure 96: Global Public Safety LTE Maritime eNB Platform Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    923
    Figure 97: Global Public Safety and Commercial LTE Base Station (eNB) Shipments Compared: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    924
    Figure 98: Global Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue by Technology: 2017  – 2030 ($ Million)    925
    Figure 99: Global Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Investments in Fiber & Wireline Technology: 2017  – 2030 ($ Million)    925
    Figure 100: Global Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Investments in Microwave Technology: 2017  – 2030 ($ Million)    926
    Figure 101: Global Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Investments in Satellite Technology: 2017  – 2030 ($ Million)    926
    Figure 102: Global Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    927
    Figure 103: Global Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    928
    Figure 104: Global Public Safety LTE Network Integration & Testing Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    929
    Figure 105: Global Public Safety LTE Device Management & User Services Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    930
    Figure 106: Global Public Safety LTE Managed Services, Operations & Maintenance Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    931
    Figure 107: Global Public Safety LTE Cybersecurity Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    932
    Figure 108: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    933
    Figure 109: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    933
    Figure 110: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    934
    Figure 111: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Device Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    934
    Figure 112: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    935
    Figure 113: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    935
    Figure 114: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    936
    Figure 115: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions) Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    936
    Figure 116: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    937
    Figure 117: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    937
    Figure 118: North America Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    938
    Figure 119: North America Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    938
    Figure 120: North America Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    939
    Figure 121: North America Public Safety LTE Device Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    939
    Figure 122: North America Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    940
    Figure 123: North America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    940
    Figure 124: North America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    941
    Figure 125: North America Public Safety LTE Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions) Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    941
    Figure 126: North America Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    942
    Figure 127: North America Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    942
    Figure 128: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    943
    Figure 129: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    943
    Figure 130: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    944
    Figure 131: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Device Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    944
    Figure 132: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    945
    Figure 133: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    945
    Figure 134: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    946
    Figure 135: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions) Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    946
    Figure 136: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    947
    Figure 137: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    947
    Figure 138: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    948
    Figure 139: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    948
    Figure 140: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    949
    Figure 141: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Device Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    949
    Figure 142: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    950
    Figure 143: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    950
    Figure 144: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    951
    Figure 145: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions) Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    951
    Figure 146: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    952
    Figure 147: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    952
    Figure 148: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    953
    Figure 149: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    953
    Figure 150: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    954
    Figure 151: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Device Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    954
    Figure 152: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    955
    Figure 153: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    955
    Figure 154: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    956
    Figure 155: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions) Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    956
    Figure 156: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    957
    Figure 157: Eastern Europe Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    957
    Figure 158: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2017 – 2030 (Millions)    958
    Figure 159: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    958
    Figure 160: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Device Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    959
    Figure 161: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Device Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    959
    Figure 162: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    960
    Figure 163: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030    960
    Figure 164: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    961
    Figure 165: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Mobile Core (EPC, Policy & Application Functions) Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    961
    Figure 166: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Mobile Backhaul & Transport Network Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    962
    Figure 167: Western Europe Public Safety LTE Management & Integration Solutions Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    962
    Figure 168: TCO Comparison for Private LTE vs. Public-Private Partnership    989
    Figure 169: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Installed Base by Cell Size: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    994
    Figure 170: Global Public Safety LTE Macrocell Installed Base: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    995
    Figure 171: Global Public Safety LTE Small Cell Installed Base: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    996
    Figure 172: Global Public Safety LTE NIB (Network-in-a-Box) eNB Installed Base: 2017 – 2030    997
    Figure 173: Global Public Safety LTE Vehicular eNB Platform Installed Base: 2017 – 2030    998
    Figure 174: Global Public Safety LTE Airborne eNB Platform Installed Base: 2017 – 2030    999
    Figure 175: Global Public Safety LTE Maritime eNB Platform Installed Base: 2017 – 2030    1000
    Figure 176: Public Safety LTE Functional Areas    1014
    Figure 177: Ericsson's Vision of Leveraging LTE as a Platform for Mission-Critical 5G    1017
    Figure 178: Sierra Wireless' Position in the Public Safety LTE Value Chain    1041
    Figure 179: Sonim's RPS (Reliability Product Standards)    1045